Brain–machine interfaces: past, present and future

  title={Brain–machine interfaces: past, present and future},
  author={Mikhail A. Lebedev and Miguel A. L. Nicolelis},
  journal={Trends in Neurosciences},
Since the original demonstration that electrical activity generated by ensembles of cortical neurons can be employed directly to control a robotic manipulator, research on brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) has experienced an impressive growth. Today BMIs designed for both experimental and clinical studies can translate raw neuronal signals into motor commands that reproduce arm reaching and hand grasping movements in artificial actuators. Clearly, these developments hold promise for the… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 25 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS
Highly Cited
This paper has 1,458 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 3 times. VIEW TWEETS

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 765 citations

1,458 Citations

Citations per Year
Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 1,458 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.