Brachycephalic feline noses: CT and anatomical study of the relationship between head conformation and the nasolacrimal drainage system.

@article{Schlueter2009BrachycephalicFN,
  title={Brachycephalic feline noses: CT and anatomical study of the relationship between head conformation and the nasolacrimal drainage system.},
  author={Claudia Schlueter and Klaus Dieter Budras and Eberhard Ludewig and Elisabeth Mayrhofer and Herman E. Koenig and Alice Stephens Walter and Gerhard U. Oechtering},
  journal={Journal of feline medicine and surgery},
  year={2009},
  volume={11 11},
  pages={
          891-900
        }
}
AIMS A study was designed to evaluate the influence of head conformation on the course of the nasolacrimal drainage system (NDS) in 31 brachycephalic and 15 mesocephalic cats using computed tomography (CT), CT-dacryocystography and anatomical methods. FINDINGS The higher the degree of brachycephalia, the more the facial bones and upper canine teeth are displaced dorsally (ie, the more pronounced the dorsorotation). Dorsorotation leads to abnormal dislocation of the ventral nasal concha and to… CONTINUE READING
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