Neurologic manifestations of Q fever are predominantly central. We report the case of a 35-year-old man with recurrent fever and motor and sensory deficits in the right C5, C6 territories. Electrophysiological findings were consistent with a right upper-trunk brachial plexopathy or with suprascapular and axillary neuropathies. The patient had full resolution of neurologic symptoms with antibiotic treatment. The association of brachial plexopathy with Q fever infection, described in other rare instances, may merit consideration in individual cases, depending on clinical context.