Boxy/Peanut/X Bulges, Barlenses and the Thick Part of Galactic Bars: What Are They and How Did They Form?

@article{Athanassoula2016BoxyPeanutXBB,
  title={Boxy/Peanut/X Bulges, Barlenses and the Thick Part of Galactic Bars: What Are They and How Did They Form?},
  author={E. Athanassoula},
  journal={arXiv: Astrophysics of Galaxies},
  year={2016},
  volume={418},
  pages={391-412}
}
  • E. Athanassoula
  • Published 16 March 2015
  • Physics
  • arXiv: Astrophysics of Galaxies
Bars have a complex three-dimensional shape. In particular their inner part is vertically much thicker than the parts further out. Viewed edge-on, the thick part of the bar is what is commonly known as a boxy-, peanut-, or X- bulge and viewed face-on it is referred to as a barlens. These components are due to disc and bar instabilities and are composed of disc material. I review here their formation, evolution and dynamics, using simulations, orbital structure theory and comparisons to… 

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