Bovine spongiform encephalopathy: its wider meaning for population health

  title={Bovine spongiform encephalopathy: its wider meaning for population health},
  author={Andrew J. McMichael},
  pages={1313 - 1314}
Evidence from Britain that the agent causing bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle may cause neurological disease in beef eaters1 and the consequent turmoil in the beef trade have made compelling headline news across Europe. The ecological dimensions to this public drama have, however, even wider implications for population health. Three issues warrant discussion. Firstly, although the infective agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and its effects may seem exotic, this episode merely… 
A Review of the BSE Epidemic in British Cattle
M Mathematical and statistical analyses of the BSE epidemic data suggest that the incidence of BSE in Great Britain and Northern Ireland will continue its rapid decline and evidence relating to maternal and horizontal transmission of Bse is discussed.
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, persistent organic pollutants, and the achievable utopias
  • M. Porta
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of epidemiology and community health
  • 2002
It is perfectly sensible to ask your butcher, grocer, or supermarket manager how much the meat, fish, or milk you buy harbour environmental chemical agents such as the pesticide residue DDE, polychlorinated biphenyls, hexachlorobenzene, orhexachlorocyclohexane, which comprise the bulk of persistent organic pollutants in humans.
Why aren't We More Ahead? The Risk of Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease from Eating Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy-Infected Foods: Still Undetermined
Several waves of BSE crises indicate that to develop a scientific pedagogy that is culturally sustainable remains a main challenge, and messages should be more understandable, as well as more acceptable psychologically, culturally and economically.
Infectious diseases: an ecological perspective
Improved sanitation, clean water, and better living conditions, along with vaccines and antimicrobial agents, brought many infectious diseases under control in industrialised countries, but infections continued to kill millions each year in the developing world.
Meat consumption trends and health: casting a wider risk assessment net
In many hunter-gatherer communities meat became a major, even the majority, source of dietary energy, and an increase in meat consumption therefore figures prominently in the ‘nutrition transition’.
Integrating nutrition with ecology: balancing the health of humans and biosphere
The essential challenge for nutrition science is to develop new understanding and strategies to enable a balance between promoting, equitably, the health of humans while sustaining the long-term health of the biosphere.
Animal Exposure Risks
Occupational health nurses should be proactive in identifying potential occupational health risks and educating employees to protect themselves from animal exposure risks.
The Reasonable Heart: Mary Wollstonecraft's View of the Relation Between Reason and Feeling in Morality, Moral Psychology, and Moral Development
Wollstonecraft's early works express a coherent view of moral psychology, moral education and moral philosophy which guides the construction of her early fiction and educational works. It includes a
Dioxins in Belgian feed and food: chickens and eggs.
  • A. McMichael
  • Medicine
    Journal of epidemiology and community health
  • 1999


A new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the UK
Plagues and Peoples
Professor McNeill, through an accumulation of evidence, demonstrates the central role of pestilence in human affairs and the extent to which it has changed the course of history.
Risk of death from cancer and ischaemic heart disease in meat and non-meat eaters
The reduced mortality from cancer among those not eating meat is not explained by lifestyle related risk factors, which have a low prevalence among vegetarians, and these data do not justify advice to exclude meat from the diet.
Vital Signs: The Trends That Are Shaping Our Future
Just as people schedule regular check-ups with their GP, our planet needs regular check-ups to catch issues as early as possible, before they become more serious and harder to heal. That is the
How Many People Can the Earth Feed
THE VERY SIMPLICITY and directness of the question posed in the title guarantee that it will be asked again and again. But taking up the challenge is a futile effort if the answer sought is a single
Phylogenesis of prion protein
Vegetarians and longevity: imagining a wider reference population.