Bound to Fail: The Rise and Fall of the Liberal International Order

@article{Mearsheimer2019BoundTF,
  title={Bound to Fail: The Rise and Fall of the Liberal International Order},
  author={John J. Mearsheimer},
  journal={International Security},
  year={2019},
  volume={43},
  pages={7-50}
}
  • J. Mearsheimer
  • Published 1 April 2019
  • Political Science
  • International Security
The liberal international order, erected after the Cold War, was crumbling by 2019. It was flawed from the start and thus destined to fail. The spread of liberal democracy around the globe—essential for building that order—faced strong resistance because of nationalism, which emphasizes self-determination. Some targeted states also resisted U.S. efforts to promote liberal democracy for security-related reasons. Additionally, problems arose because a liberal order calls for states to delegate… 

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