Botulinum toxin type-A injection to treat patients with intractable anismus unresponsive to simple biofeedback training.

@article{Zhang2014BotulinumTT,
  title={Botulinum toxin type-A injection to treat patients with intractable anismus unresponsive to simple biofeedback training.},
  author={Yong Zhang and Zhenning Wang and Lei He and Ge Gao and Qing Zhai and Z Yin and Xian-dong Zeng},
  journal={World journal of gastroenterology},
  year={2014},
  volume={20 35},
  pages={12602-7}
}
AIM To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A injection to the puborectalis and external sphincter muscle in the treatment of patients with anismus unresponsive to simple biofeedback training. METHODS This retrospective study included 31 patients suffering from anismus who were unresponsive to simple biofeedback training. Diagnosis was made by anorectal manometry, balloon expulsion test, surface electromyography of the pelvic floor muscle, and defecography. Patients were given… CONTINUE READING
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