Botulinum toxin type A injection into the gastrocnemius muscle for spastic equinus in adults with stroke: a randomized controlled trial comparing manual needle placement, electrical stimulation and ultrasonography-guided injection techniques.

@article{Picelli2012BotulinumTT,
  title={Botulinum toxin type A injection into the gastrocnemius muscle for spastic equinus in adults with stroke: a randomized controlled trial comparing manual needle placement, electrical stimulation and ultrasonography-guided injection techniques.},
  author={Alessandro Picelli and Stefano Tamburin and Paola Bonetti and Carla M. Maccagnan Fontana and Martina Barausse and Francesca Dambruoso and Francesca Gajofatto and Valter Santilli and Nicola Smania},
  journal={American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation},
  year={2012},
  volume={91 11},
  pages={957-64}
}
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of manual needle placement, electrical stimulation, and ultrasonography-guided techniques for botulinum toxin injection into the gastrocnemius of adults with spastic equinus after stroke. DESIGN After randomization into three groups, each patient received the same dose of botulinum toxin type A into the lateral and medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle (OnabotulinumtoxinA, 100U per head) of the affected leg. The manual… CONTINUE READING

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