Botulinum toxin type A and short-term electrical stimulation in the treatment of upper limb flexor spasticity after stroke: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

@article{Hesse1998BotulinumTT,
  title={Botulinum toxin type A and short-term electrical stimulation in the treatment of upper limb flexor spasticity after stroke: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.},
  author={Stefan Hesse and F. W. Reiter and Matthias Konrad and Margaret Jahnke},
  journal={Clinical rehabilitation},
  year={1998},
  volume={12 5},
  pages={381-8}
}
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the combined approach of botulinum toxin type A (BtxA) and electrical stimulation was more effective than the toxin alone in the treatment of chronic upper limb spasticity after stroke. DESIGN Randomized, placebo-controlled study with four treatment groups: 1000 units BtxA (Dysport) + electrical stimulation (A), 1000 units BtxA (B), placebo + electrical stimulation (C) and placebo (D). SETTING A neurological rehabilitation clinic. SUBJECTS Twenty-four… CONTINUE READING