Botulinum toxin treatment for oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients with stroke.


BACKGROUND In a previous pilot study, we demonstrated that a single injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) in the cricopharyngeus muscle is effective in patients with neurologic dysphagia with upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening dysfunction and presence of some pharyngeal contraction (>25 mmHg). The aim of this study was to confirm the long-lasting… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/nmo.12213