Botulinum Toxin Physiology in Focal Hand and Cranial Dystonia


The safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin for the treatment of focal hand and cranial dystonias are well-established. Studies of these adult-onset focal dystonias reveal both shared features, such as the dystonic phenotype of muscle hyperactivity and overflow muscle contraction and divergent features, such as task specificity in focal hand dystonia which… (More)
DOI: 10.3390/toxins4111404