Bottom water warming in the North Pacific Ocean

  title={Bottom water warming in the North Pacific Ocean},
  author={Masao Fukasawa and H. S. Freeland and Ron Perkin and Tomowo Watanabe and Hiroshi Uchida and Ayako Nishina},
Observations of changes in the properties of ocean waters have been restricted to surface or intermediate-depth waters, because the detection of change in bottom water is extremely difficult owing to the small magnitude of the expected signals. Nevertheless, temporal changes in the properties of such deep waters across an ocean basin are of particular interest, as they can be used to constrain the transport of water at the bottom of the ocean and to detect changes in the global thermohaline… CONTINUE READING
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