Bottom-up and top-down processes in emotion generation: common and distinct neural mechanisms.

@article{Ochsner2009BottomupAT,
  title={Bottom-up and top-down processes in emotion generation: common and distinct neural mechanisms.},
  author={Kevin N. Ochsner and Rebecca R Ray and Brent B Hughes and Kateri McRae and Jeffrey C. Cooper and Juergen Weber and John D. E. Gabrieli and James J. Gross},
  journal={Psychological science},
  year={2009},
  volume={20 11},
  pages={
          1322-31
        }
}
Emotions are generally thought to arise through the interaction of bottom-up and top-down processes. However, prior work has not delineated their relative contributions. In a sample of 20 females, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare the neural correlates of negative emotions generated by the bottom-up perception of aversive images and by the top-down interpretation of neutral images as aversive. We found that (a) both types of responses activated the amygdala, although… CONTINUE READING
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