Boston (r): Neighbo(r)s nea(r) and fa(r)

  title={Boston (r): Neighbo(r)s nea(r) and fa(r)},
  author={Naomi Nagy and Patricia Irwin},
  journal={Language Variation and Change},
  pages={241 - 278}
Abstract The influence of linguistic and social factors on (r) in Boston and two New Hampshire towns is described. The preceding vowel and geographic, ethnic, and age-related differences were found to have strong effects. In comparison to Bostonians, New Hampshire speakers exhibit a higher rate of rhoticity, and fewer factors constrain their variability. Younger speakers are more rhotic than older speakers, as are more educated speakers and those in higher linguistic marketplace positions. This… 
The New York City–New Orleans connection: Evidence from constraint ranking comparison
Abstract New York City English (NYCE) and New Orleans English (NOE) demonstrate remarkable similarity for cities located 1300 miles apart. Though the question of whether these dialects feature a
(r) we there yet? The change to rhoticity in New York City English
  • K. Becker
  • Linguistics
    Language Variation and Change
  • 2014
Abstract Labov (1966, 1972b) described the variable production of coda /r/ in New York City English (NYCE) as a change in progress from above in the direction of rhoticity. Since then, scholars have
A Transatlantic Cross-Dialectal Comparison of Non-Prevocalic /r/
The presence or absence of non-prevocalic /r/, also known as rhoticity, has been frequently examined in studies of language variation and change with some varieties gaining rhoticity e.g., New
Boston Dialect Features in the Black/African American Community
Although dialectologists have studied Eastern New England (ENE) for generations, the dialect features of the Black/African American community are still understudied (Nagy and Irwin 2010:250). In this
Displacement and local linguistic practices: R‐lessness in post‐Katrina Greater New Orleans
Variable r-lessness in New Orleans English is a salient linguistic feature tied to local place-based identity. In this study, I examine rates of r-lessness in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, which
Rhotics in Standard Scottish English
Abstract The present study investigates rhotics in Standard Scottish English (SSE). Drawing on an auditory analysis of formal speeches given in the Scottish parliament by 49 speakers (members of
Multiple vectors of unidirectional dialect change in eastern New England
Abstract Traditional eastern New England (ENE) dialect features are rapidly receding in many parts of northern New England. Because this ENE shift involves seven different phonological features, it
Postvocalic /r/ in New Orleans: Language, place, and commodification
From silva dimes to po-boys, r-lessness has long been a conspicuous feature of all dialects of New Orleans English. This dissertation presents a quantitative and qualitative description of current
Each p[ɚ]son does it th[εː] way: Rhoticity variation and the community grammar
Abstract This paper examines individual differences in constraints on linguistic variation in light of Labov's (2007) proposal that adult change (diffusion) disrupts systems of constraints and


Bostonians /r/ Speaking: A Quantitative Look at (R) in Boston
The first sociolinguistic analysis of (R) in Boston is presented, suggesting that the composite persona presented by Car Talk is that of a well-educated person but very much a Boston local, just whom you’d want to fix your car.
Live Free or Die" as a Linguistic Principle
�The first aim of this paper is to describe some ways in which the Massachusetts speech varieties are “differentest,” specifically with respect to the unmerged status of several vowels which are
Short-a in Northern New England
This article investigates the relationship between the Boston speech community and two New Hampshire (NH) speech communities with respect to the phonetic status of short-a. Analysis of twenty-six
/r/ and the construction of place identity on New York City's Lower East Side1
This paper argues that a group of white residents on the Lower East Side of Manhattan use a New York City English (NYCE) feature – non-rhoticity in the syllable coda – in the construction of a place
Variation and change in British English /r/
The As. discuss patterns of variation and change in British English. The /r/ is usually realised as an alveolar approximant, but several other variants are found which are restricted to particular
Regional Variations in the Phonological Characteristics of African American Vernacular English
At present little is known about regional variations in the phonological characteristics of African American Vernacular English (AAVE). Regional variation in AAVE allows for a closer examination of
Language change and variation
This chapter discusses variation in speech communities, syntactic and morphological change, and the development of syntactic complexity in narrative, informative and argumentative discourse.
Postvocalic /r/ as an Index of Integration into the BEV Speech Community
FOR SOME TIME NOW, LINGUISTS studying black English vernacular (BEV) have regarded the different varieties of this dialect as representing a post-creole continuum, with the more acrolectal forms
Perceptual Frequency and Formant Frequency in R speech
Based on auditory analysis of 10,000 tokens from over 50 speakers, Irwin & Nagy (2007) established that postvocalic (R) is undergoing a change in the Boston area: younger and more educated speakers
Replication, transfer, and calquing: Using variation as a tool in the study of language contact
Abstract Do the processes of replication, transfer, and calquing operate on speakers' mental organization of variables? Can the comparison of constraint rankings across languages provide evidence for