Bose-Einstein Condensation of Molecules

@article{Jochim2003BoseEinsteinCO,
  title={Bose-Einstein Condensation of Molecules},
  author={Selim Jochim and M. Bartenstein and A. Altmeyer and G. Hendl and Stefan Riedl and Cheng Chin and Johannes Hecker Denschlag and R. Grimm},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={302},
  pages={2101 - 2103}
}
We report on the Bose-Einstein condensation of more than 105 Li2 molecules in an optical trap starting from a spin mixture of fermionic lithium atoms. During forced evaporative cooling, the molecules are formed by three-body recombination near a Feshbach resonance and finally condense in a long-lived thermal equilibrium state. We measured the characteristic frequency of a collective excitation mode and demonstrated the magnetic field–dependent mean field by controlled condensate spilling. 
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Bose-einstein condensation of Li/sub 2/ molecules
  • C. Chin, S. Jochim, +5 authors R. Grimm
  • Physics, Engineering
  • InternationalQuantum Electronics Conference, 2004. (IQEC).
  • 2004
We achieve Bose-Einstein condensation of lithium molecules. The molecules are formed by pairing fermionic lithium atoms and they are evaporatively cooled to BEC in an optical dipole trap
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