Bose–Einstein condensation of atomic gases

@article{Anglin2002BoseEinsteinCO,
  title={Bose–Einstein condensation of atomic gases},
  author={James R. Anglin and Wolfgang Ketterle},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2002},
  volume={416},
  pages={211-218}
}
The early experiments on Bose–Einstein condensation in dilute atomic gases accomplished three long-standing goals. First, cooling of neutral atoms into their motional ground state, thus subjecting them to ultimate control, limited only by Heisenberg's uncertainty relation. Second, creation of a coherent sample of atoms, in which all occupy the same quantum state, and the realization of atom lasers — devices that output coherent matter waves. And third, creation of a gaseous quantum fluid, with… 
Dynamical and wave chaos in the Bose–Einstein condensate
Within the past five years Albert Einstein's concept of a dilute atomic Bose Condensate has been realized in many experimental laboratories. Temperatures in the nano-Kelvin regime have been achieved
Bose-Einstein Condensates as Universal Quantum Matter
S. N. Bose gave a new identity to the quanta of light, introduced into physics by Planck and Einstein, and derived Planck's formula for the radiation spectrum. Chance events led to Einstein's
Atom optics and quantum statistics with ultracold atomic Bose gases
This thesis reviews some recent theoretical work in the field of ultracold atomic Bose gases. The first part discusses four different topics which have close connections to atom-optical applications
Bose–Einstein condensation of photons in an optical microcavity
TLDR
The observation of a Bose–Einstein condensate of photons is reported, formally equivalent to a two-dimensional gas of trapped, massive bosons, in a dye-filled optical microcavity which acts as a ‘white-wall’ box.
Novel ground states of Bose-condensed gases
Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) provide a novel tool for the study of macroscopic quantum phenomena and condensed matter systems. Two of the recent frontiers, quantized vortices and ultracold
Theory of ultracold atomic Fermi gases
The physics of quantum degenerate atomic Fermi gases in uniform as well as in harmonically trapped configurations is reviewed from a theoretical perspective. Emphasis is given to the effect of
Buffer-gas cooled Bose-Einstein condensate.
We report the creation of a Bose-Einstein condensate using buffer-gas cooling, the first realization of Bose-Einstein condensation using a broadly general method which relies neither on laser cooling
Simulating long-range coherence of atoms and photons in quantum computers
Lasers and Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) exhibit macroscopic quantum coherence in seemingly unrelated ways. Lasers possess a well-defined global phase and are characterized by large fluctuations
Signatures of superfluidity in atomic Fermi gases
After the experimental realization of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, experimentalists started to trap the fermionic isotopes. The degenerate state for fermions was
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 102 REFERENCES
Bose-Einstein Condensation in Atomic Gases
The discovery of the superfluid transition of liquid helium [1, 2] marked the first achievement of Bose–Einstein condensation in the laboratory, more than a decade after Einstein’s prediction for an
Evidence of Bose-Einstein Condensation in an Atomic Gas with Attractive Interactions.
TLDR
Evidence for Bose-Einstein condensation of a gas of spin-polarized {sup 7}Li atoms is reported, and phase-space densities consistent with quantum degeneracy are measured for temperatures in the range of 100 to 400 nK.
Bose-Einstein Condensation of Metastable Helium
TLDR
A Bose-Einstein condensate in a dilute gas of 4He in the (3)2S(1) metastable state is observed, indicating that this region is deeply in the hydrodynamic regime.
Superfluidity in Sympathetic Cooling with Atomic Bose-Einstein Condensates
The dynamical structure of an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate limits the efficiency of the condensate in cooling slow impurity atoms. To illustrate the point, we show that an impurity atom moving in
Spin domains in ground-state Bose–Einstein condensates
Bose–Einstein condensates — a low-temperature form of matter in which a macroscopic population of bosons occupies the quantum-mechanical ground state — have been demonstrated for weakly interacting,
Evidence for a Bose–Einstein condensate in liquid 4He from quantum evaporation
Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC) is a purely quantum phenomenon whereby a macroscopic number of identical atoms occupy the same single-particle state. Interest in this phenomenon has grown
Bose–Einstein condensation on a microelectronic chip
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the formation of a condensate can be greatly simplified using a microscopic magnetic trap on a chip, and the possibility of manipulating laser-like coherent matter waves with such an integrated atom-optical system holds promise for applications in interferometry, holography, microscopy, atom lithography and quantum information processing.
Observation of Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Vapor
TLDR
A Bose-Einstein condensate was produced in a vapor of rubidium-87 atoms that was confined by magnetic fields and evaporatively cooled and exhibited a nonthermal, anisotropic velocity distribution expected of the minimum-energy quantum state of the magnetic trap in contrast to the isotropic, thermal velocity distribution observed in the broad uncondensed fraction.
All-optical formation of an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate.
TLDR
A Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of 87Rb atoms directly in an optical trap formed by two crossed CO2 laser beams is created using a quasielectrostatic dipole force trap.
Bose–Einstein condensation of atomic hydrogen
Abstract.The recent creation of a Bose–Einstein condensate of atomic hydrogen has added a new system to this exciting field. The differences between hydrogen and the alkali metal atoms require other
...
...