Borobudur monument (Java, Indonesia) stood by a natural lake: chronostratigraphic evidence and historical implications

@article{Murwanto2004BorobudurM,
  title={Borobudur monument (Java, Indonesia) stood by a natural lake: chronostratigraphic evidence and historical implications},
  author={Helmy Murwanto and Yanni Gunnell and Suharsono Suharsono and Sutikno Sutikno and Franck Lavigne},
  journal={The Holocene},
  year={2004},
  volume={14},
  pages={459 - 463}
}
The ninth-century world-heritage Buddhist monument of Borobudur (Java, Indonesia) stands above the floor of a dried-out palaeolake, but it remains uncertain as to whether it was ever constructed on a lake shore. Here we reveal through new chronological and palaeoenvironmental data on the extant sediment record of the area that Borobudur intentionally stood by an existing lake. For the first time, evidence of this conjunction validates quite literally the debated cosmological interpretation of… Expand

Figures from this paper

Borobudur, a Basin under Volcanic Influence: 361,000 Years BP to Present
Abstract Borobudur basin is located in Central Java (Indonesia), 30 km to the North of Yogyakarta City. The basin is famous for its UNESCO world heritage temple and for one of the world's most activeExpand
The Ancient Borobudur Lake, History, and Its Evidences to Develop Geo-archeotourism in Indonesia
DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.103-113 In 2015, the number of international tourists who visited Borobudur temple declined and did not reach the government target. It was because there was only oneExpand
Blue in architecture: water civilisations and climate change
The hypothesis of paleoclimatologist William Ruddiman 2 shows that climatic cycles 3 that describe the effects of the periodical variations 4 of the earth’s movement on glaciations and the earth’sExpand
Soil Layer Properties of a Profile Developed on the Past Depositional Series on Merbabu Volcano Central Java Indonesia
A wide and deep soil profile (around 1200 cm) was observed at Ketep Park, West Slope of Merbabu Volcano, Central Java, Indonesia to identify the soil morphological, physical, chemical andExpand
Find the future from the past: Paleolimnology in Indonesia
Agriculture, hydro electricity power, fisheries, source of drinking water, recreation, and industrial use has led to wide-spread impairment of Indonesia surface waters. Indonesia is rich with variousExpand
Rate and process of societal change in semitropical settings: The ancient Maya and the living Balinese
Abstract Anthropological archaeology provides the best window into how ancient societies coped with environmental exigencies and to what degree society itself may have been responsible forExpand
Prospects and pitfalls in integrating volcanology and archaeology: A review
Abstract Volcanic eruptions and interactions with the landforms and products these yield, are a constant feature of human life in many parts of the world. Seen over long timespans, human–volcanoExpand
Polikotomi Pilihan Pengembangan Ekowisata Kawasan Borobudur
Aim of the study is assessing consumer behavior of tourist who visits to Borobudur if an ecotourism concept will be used in this area. Data were obtained from participation of tourists in BorobudurÂExpand
The Use of Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) in Archaeological Investigations and Cultural Heritage Preservation
The availability of a near-global digital elevation model derived from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) provides archeologists a new tool to complement other remote sensing data. SRTM dataExpand
Sustainable Future for Human Security
This paper aims to clarify the possibility of community-based cultural landscape management through rural tourism activities in villages surrounding Borobudur heritage site. First, it explains theExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-6 OF 6 REFERENCES
10,000 Years of explosive eruptions of Merapi Volcano, Central Java: archaeological and modern implications
Abstract Stratigraphy and radiocarbon dating of pyroclastic deposits at Merapi Volcano, Central Java, reveals ∼10,000 years of explosive eruptions. Highlights include: (1) Construction of an OldExpand
Fire and mud: eruptions and lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines
Fire and Mud is a comprehensive document of the awakening of a volcano after a 500-year sleep. Its 62 technical papers tell the scientific and human story of the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo andExpand
Extended 14C Data Base and Revised Calib 3.0 14C Age Calibration Program
The age calibration program, CALIB (Stuiver & Reimer 1986), first made available in 1986 and subsequently modified in 1987 (revision 2.0 and 2.1), has been amended anew. The 1993 program (revisionExpand