Born to Throw: The Ecological Causes that Shaped the Evolution of Throwing In Humans

  title={Born to Throw: The Ecological Causes that Shaped the Evolution of Throwing In Humans},
  author={Michael P. Lombardo and Robert O. Deaner},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  pages={1 - 16}
Humans are the only species capable of powerful and accurate overhand throwing. However, the evolution of this ability remains underexplored. Here we draw on several lines of evidence—anatomical, archeological, cross-species comparisons, and ethnographic—to develop a scenario for the evolution of throwing. Throwing has deep roots in the primate lineage. Nonhuman primates throw projectiles during agonistic interactions but rarely to subdue prey. Thus, we argue that throwing first arose during… 
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