Boosting Family Income to Promote Child Development

@article{Duncan2015BoostingFI,
  title={Boosting Family Income to Promote Child Development},
  author={Greg J. Duncan and Katherine A. Magnuson and Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal},
  journal={The Future of Children},
  year={2015},
  volume={24},
  pages={120 - 99}
}
Families who live in poverty face disadvantages that can hinder their children’s development in many ways, write Greg Duncan, Katherine Magnuson, and Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal. As they struggle to get by economically, and as they cope with substandard housing, unsafe neighborhoods, and inadequate schools, poor families experience more stress in their daily lives than more affluent families do, with a host of psychological and developmental consequences. Poor families also lack the resources to… 

Poverty, parental depression, parental self-efficacy, social support, and the home learning environment of toddlers : an application of the family stress model

Background: Family poverty and the home learning environment (HLE) of toddlers both have significant impacts on children’s future cognitive and academic outcomes. Families facing poverty experience

Parental Debt and Child Well-Being: What Type of Debt Matters for Child Outcomes?

Wealth inequality in the United States has increased tremendously over the last several decades and has potentially serious repercussions for disparities in child well-being. Household debt, a key

Parental Discipline and Early Childhood Development in Rural China

Children who are under the age of five in underdeveloped and developing countries, including China, exhibit developmental delays due to their exposure to risks such as impoverishment, deprived health

Income Inequality and the Well‐Being of American Families

Income inequality has increased steadily over the past 40 years. We briefly review the nature and causes of this increase and show that income-based gaps in children’s academic achievement and

Moving Beyond Correlations in Assessing the Consequences of Poverty

It is demonstrated that, in contrast to the nearly universal associations between poverty and children's outcomes in the correlational literature, impacts estimated from social experiments and quasi‐experiments are more selective.

Does Household Income Affect children’s Outcomes? A Systematic Review of the Evidence

There is abundant evidence that children in low income households do less well than their peers on a range of developmental outcomes. However, there is continuing uncertainty about how far money

Family Income and Child Cognitive Development: A Response to Marks

A recent scientific study by Noble et al. (2015) found that income is associated with brain surface area; especially for low-income children, small changes in income were associated with larger differences in surface areas.

From the Ground Up: Establishing Strong Core Policies for Infants, Toddlers, and Families.

Because the earliest years of life are a period of incredible growth, they present an opportunity to shape strong and positive development. Good health, secure and stable families, and positive early

Child Poverty in the United States: A Tale of Devastation and the Promise of Hope.

  • A. McCarty
  • Economics, Psychology
    Sociology compass
  • 2016
It is argued that moving forward the authors must enrich the communities in which poor families live in addition to boosting incomes and directly supporting children's skill development.

Family Income and Child Cognitive and Noncognitive Development in Australia: Does Money Matter?

Using dynamic panel data, it is found that family income is significantly associated with children’s cognitive skills but not with noncognitive skills, and strong evidence is found to support the skill formation theory that children's previous cognitive and nonc cognitive outcomes are significantly related to their current outcomes.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 102 REFERENCES

The environment of childhood poverty.

  • G. Evans
  • Economics
    The American psychologist
  • 2004
The accumulation of multiple environmental risks rather than singular risk exposure may be an especially pathogenic aspect of childhood poverty.

Linking family hardship to children's lives.

It is shown that economic hardship adversely influenced the psychosocial well-being of girls, but not boys, by increasing the rejecting behavior of fathers, and the rejecting influence of hard-pressed fathers was more pronounced in relation to less attractive daughters, as judged by physical features.

The impact of economic hardship on black families and children: psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development.

Attention is given to the mechanisms by which parents' social networks reduce emotional strain, lessen the tendency toward punitive, coercive, and inconsistent parenting behavior, and, in turn, foster positive socioemotional development in economically deprived children.

Child Benefits, Maternal Employment, and Children’s Health: Evidence from Canadian Child Benefit Expansions.

This paper reviews and extends some recent results studying the expansion of family benefits in Canada and exploits a change that occurred in the province of Manitoba to highlight the effects of child benefits on both labor supply and family outcomes.

Family poverty, welfare reform, and child development.

It is suggested that family poverty has selective effects on child development, and ways policies might be aimed at preventing either economic deprivation itself or its effects are suggested.

Welfare policies and very young children: experimental data on stage-environment fit.

The authors suggest that the contextual changes engendered by the programs, including children's exposure to center-based child care, interacted differentially with specific developmental transitions.

Early-childhood poverty and adult attainment, behavior, and health.

Findings indicate statistically significant and, in some cases, quantitatively large detrimental effects of early poverty on a number of attainment-related outcomes (adult earnings and work hours).

Economic disparities in middle childhood development: does income matter?

The quality of home environment during early and middle childhood explained a portion of the effects of income on academic skills and behavior problems.

Child well-being in an era of welfare reform: the sensitivity of transitions in development to policy change.

It is found that times of developmental transition are the only periods sensitive to the changes in families brought about by welfare policies, and small positive effects of welfare and antipoverty policies were found for children making the transition into middle childhood.

Conditional Cash Transfers: Reducing Present and Future Poverty

Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) are programs that transfer cash, generally to poor households, on the condition that those households make pre specified investments in the human capital of their
...