Bones of contention revisited: did antlers enlarge with sexual selection as a consequence of neonatal security strategies?

@article{Geist1991BonesOC,
  title={Bones of contention revisited: did antlers enlarge with sexual selection as a consequence of neonatal security strategies?},
  author={Valerius Geist},
  journal={Applied Animal Behaviour Science},
  year={1991},
  volume={29},
  pages={453-469}
}
  • V. Geist
  • Published 1 February 1991
  • Environmental Science
  • Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Do Antlers Honestly Advertise the Phenotypic Quality of Fallow Buck (Dama dama) in a Lekking Population
TLDR
Antler size reflects social status and dominance in male fallow deer, and therefore represents an honest advertisement of phenotypic quality, and no direct link between antler symmetry and mating success was found, confirming the ambiguous role of antler asymmetry as an indicator of fitness.
Asymmetry in antler size in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus ): an index of individual and population conditions
TLDR
The results suggest that antler development in roe deer represents a reliable signalling of individual quality, and asymmetry in antler size appears to be a valuable indicator of the current environmental conditions encountered by populations.
Getting to the hart of the matter: did antlers truly cause the extinction of the Irish elk?
TLDR
This work focuses on the reproductive energetics of females as a possible contributor to extinction, and model the nutritional demands of producing precocial cursorial young, and shows the reproductive output of females being reduced by 50% due to changes in the length of the growing season at the end of the Pleistocene.
What, if anything, does visual asymmetry in fallow deer antlers reveal?
TLDR
Analysis of relationships between age, dominance and asymmetry in the number of antler points on mature fallow deer males during four rutting seasons in a single population failed to support the hypothesis that antler asymmetry visually reveals individual quality in fallow Deer.
Allozymes and the genetics of antler development in red deer (Cervus elsphus)
TLDR
The authors' data suggest the presence of at least two independent genetic components, one associated with early development of a high NAP, the other with generally large antler size in adults, affecting antler expression in red deer.
Is mate choice copying or aggregation responsible for skewed distributions of females on leks?
TLDR
Female attraction to other females on the lek is likely to be an adaptation to avoiding harassment in mixed-sex herds, and a male’s ability to maintain the cohesion of his harem may be the principal cause of variation in mating success between males.
Does Lateral Presentation of the Palmate Antlers During Fights by Fallow Deer (Dama dama L.) Signify Dominance or Submission
TLDR
It is concluded that the lateral palm presentation serves to de-escalate fighting between mature fallow deer and is not a mechanism by which to communicate individual quality but rather an indication that a male is less committed to continuing investment in the current contest.
Response of antler growth to changing rank of fallow deer buck during the velvet period
TLDR
Whether the size attained by various parts of the antler is more closely related to dominance success of the buck during their development than to average success over the whole velvet period is tested.
Population History, Genetic Variability, and Horn Growth in Bighorn Sheep
TLDR
Most hunting of bighorn sheep involves selective removal of large-horned rams, which it is hypothesize may reduce genetic variability of these pop- ulations and contribute to losses in fitness.
Post-Coital Sperm Competence in Polygamous Animals: The Role of SpermTraits in SpeciesâÂÂSpecific Strategies
TLDR
This mini review aims at providing an update of the role of sperm traits in species–specific strategies for post-coital sperm competence, showing that the straight-line velocity value, the most accurate estimate of sperm cell velocity, is of great importance in competition scenarios.
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References

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The Functions of Antlers
TLDR
The absence of unequivocal support for the importance of antlers in defence against predators, in heat regulation, in assessment between rivals and in attracting mates leaves open the possibility that, despite their bizarre appearance, antlers evolved as weapons and are retained by selection because of their function in intra-specific combat.
A Comparison of Social Adaptations in Relation to Ecology in Gallinaceous Bird and Ungulate Societies
  • V. Geist
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 1977
TLDR
A comparison of sociobiology in birds and ungulate societies reveals unifying factors by explaining attributes of birds first explained in ungulates, and vice versa.
Sexual dimorphism in the Cervidae and its relation to habitat
TLDR
Sexes converge in characteristics towards male-like monomorphism in deer that hide in dense cover, as well as in gregarious, cursorial dwellers in open terrain, and sexual dimorphism is maximal in mixed and concentrate feeders from semi-open landscapes.
Antlers, body size and breeding group size in the Cervidae
TLDR
It is confirmed that large deer species tend to be more polygynous than smaller ones and that intense inter-male competition in large species has led to the development of relatively large antlers.
EVOLUTIONARY RESPONSES OF PLANTS TO SEED‐EATERS: PINE SQUIRREL PREDATION ON LODGEPOLE PINE
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  • Environmental Science
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
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TLDR
A critical aspect of this study centers around the idea that, if the degree of variation in the cones and seed characters is great enough to allow a squirrel to discriminate among cones, then an effective selective agent exists for determining cone and seed characteristics.
Social Rank, Dominance, Antler Size, and Access To Food in Snow-Bound Wild Woodland Caribou
TLDR
It is concluded that the link between rank and dominance of an individual on one hand, and some of its attributes on the other (e.g. sex, age, weight, antler size) is fundamentally realized by the animal itself through its active preference for targets it is likely to beat, i.e. targets with smaller antlers.
The Evolution of Horn-Like Organs
TLDR
Hornlike organs evolved independently in a number of mammalian families to function as weapons inflicting damage; as defense organs shielding their owner; as binding organs allowing opponents a secure lock in battle; as display organs having an a priori intimidating effect on certain conspecifics.
THE ORIGIN AND FUNCTION OF “BIZARRE” STRUCTURES: ANTLER SIZE AND SKULL SIZE IN THE “IRISH ELK,” MEGALOCEROS GIGANTEUS
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  • History
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1974
TLDR
Almost all the fine specimens that adorn museums and homes throughout the world are from Ireland, and there is scarcely a textbook in evolutionary biology that does not illustrate some important principle with a well chosen pair of antlers.
Mate selection-a selection for a handicap.
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    Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1975
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