Bonelike apatite formation on niobium metal treated in aqueous NaOH

@article{Godley2004BonelikeAF,
  title={Bonelike apatite formation on niobium metal treated in aqueous NaOH},
  author={R. Godley and David Starosvetsky and I. Gotman},
  journal={Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={15},
  pages={1073-1077}
}
The essential condition for a biomaterial to bond to the living bone is the formation of a biologically active bonelike apatite on its surface. In the present work, it has been demonstrated that chemical treatment can be used to create a calcium phosphate (CaP) surface layer, which might provide the alkali treated Nb metal with bone-bonding capability. Soaking Nb samples in 0.5 M NaOH, at 25 °C for 24 h produced a nano-porous ∼40 nm thick amorphous sodium niobate hydrogel layer on their surface… 

Production and characterization of niobate apatite

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  • AM Ali
  • Materials Science, Medicine
    Baghdad Science Journal
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The in vitro experiments showed that the use of 14 days immersion in a concentrated simulated body fluid produced a layer of calcium phosphate on metal surfaces, which was higher in Nb than Ti, in coated than uncoated screws, and in 4 weeks than 2 weeks healing periods.

Effect of surface roughness of Ti, Zr, and TiZr on apatite precipitation from simulated body fluid

Results indicate that the pretreated Ti, Zr and TiZr alloy could form apatite coating on their surfaces, and the surface roughness also critically affected the bioactivity of these pretreated metallic samples.

An electrochemical impedance investigation of the behaviour of anodically oxidised titanium in human plasma and cognate fluids, relevant to dental applications

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