Bone remodelling biomarkers after whole body cryotherapy (WBC) in elite rugby players.

@article{Galliera2013BoneRB,
  title={Bone remodelling biomarkers after whole body cryotherapy (WBC) in elite rugby players.},
  author={Emanuela Galliera and Giada Dogliotti and Gianluca Melegati and Massimiliano Marco Corsi Romanelli and Paolo Cabitza and Giuseppe Banfi},
  journal={Injury},
  year={2013},
  volume={44 8},
  pages={
          1117-21
        }
}

Figures from this paper

Sclerostin and bone remodeling biomarkers responses to whole-body cryotherapy (− 110 °C) in healthy young men with different physical fitness levels
TLDR
In young men, the first exposure to extreme cold induced significant changes in serum sclerostin, and the changes in sRANKL, between groups, suggest that fitness level may modify the body's response to cold.
Whole-Body Cryotherapy in Athletes: From Therapy to Stimulation. An Updated Review of the Literature
TLDR
This article reviewed the most recent literature on whole-body cryotherapy, from 2010 until present, in order to give the most updated insight into this therapeutic strategy, whose rapidly increasing use is not always based on scientific assumptions and safety standards.
Response of Bone Metabolism Markers to Ice Swimming in Regular Practitioners
TLDR
Investigation of the variations in circulating bone metabolism markers after ice swimming caused significant alterations in bone metabolic markers, specifically, increases in PTH, Ca2+ and Pi should raise concerns about potential cardiovascular health risks in severe cold exercise.
No Effect of Partial-Body Cryotherapy on Restoration of Countermovement-Jump or Well-Being Performance in Elite Rugby Union Players During the Competitive Phase of the Season.
TLDR
The results suggest that the administration of PBC is ineffective at enabling the restoration of selected performance parameters during the performance maintenance phase of the competitive season.
Whole-Body Cryotherapy in Sports Medicine
TLDR
Cryotherapy has gained popularity among athletes across many sports for injury prevention and counteracting negative inflammatory symptoms following athletic performance in hopes of improving recovery.
Whole-Body Cryotherapy: Possible Application in Obesity and Diabesity
TLDR
Cold treatment is a popular therapy used by anyone in order to relieve or prevent pain and swelling after trauma, inflammatory conditions or any other condition from which pain originates, and they are based on exposure to extremely cold air.
Whole-body cryotherapy (extreme cold air exposure) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise in adults.
TLDR
To assess the effects of whole-body cryotherapy (extreme cold air exposure) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise in adults, four laboratory-based randomised controlled trials were included.
Effect of interferential current therapy versus cryotherapy on knee pain in osteoporotic postmenopausal women: a single-blind randomized controlled trial
TLDR
Interferential current therapy is more effective than cryotherapy in reducing the severity of knee pain, both generally and during walking, in osteoporotic postmenopausal women.
Cryotherapy in inflammatory rheumatic diseases: a systematic review
TLDR
Cryotherapy should be included in RA therapeutic strategies as an adjunct therapy, with potential corticosteroid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug dose-sparing effects, however, techniques and protocols should be more precisely defined in randomized controlled trials with stronger methodology.
Assessment of the Influence of Cryotherapy and Kinesitherapy on the Cardiovascular and respiratory systems
TLDR
Systemic cryotherapy with kinesitherapy can cause adaptive changes associated with lowering blood pressure and do not significantly affect the respiratory system, and Responses of the cardiorespiratory system to the above treatments are similar in the elderly and younger.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Effects of the whole-body cryotherapy on NTproBNP, hsCRP and troponin I in athletes.
Bone Mineral Density of 704 Amateur Sportsmen Involved in Different Physical Activities
TLDR
Head ratio was higher in non-weightbearing sports (rowing, swimming) than in weight bearing sports (rugby, team sports, soccer, fighting sports and bodybuilding), which seems to be site-specific and related to the supposedly high and unusual strains created at certain sites during sport training by muscle stress and gravitational forces.
Long-term rugby practice enhances bone mass and metabolism in relation with physical fitness and playing position
TLDR
Rugby participation is associated with improved physical fitness, enhanced axial and appendicular bone mass and increased bone turnover in adult athletes, and the positive bone adaptation of these athletes may be related to an increase of bone remodelling rate in favour of bone formation, especially in forwards.
Bone density and young athletic women. An update.
TLDR
The relationship between sports training and bone health, specifically bone mineral density, in young athletic women and the three inter-related clinical disorders are presented, referred to as the 'female athlete triad'.
Bone Density and Young Athletic Women
TLDR
A review of the relationship between sports training and bone health, specifically bone mineral density, in young athletic women and the impact of retiring from athletics is presented.
The assessment of bone metabolism in female elite endurance athletes by biochemical bone markers
TLDR
A-OCC(−) athletes have increased bone turnover with a particular stimulation of bone resorption and it can be suggested that OCC use might protect bone health in female athletes.
Exercise and bone mineral density in mature female athletes.
TLDR
Results suggest that females who participate regularly in the premenopausal years in high impact physical activity tend to have higher BMD than nonathletic controls.
Do sporting activities convey benefits to bone mass throughout the skeleton?
TLDR
The results suggest that sporting activities involving high impact, physical contact and/or rotational forces or strains are likely to convey significant benefits not only to the loaded sites, but also to other unloaded peripheral and axial sites throughout the skeleton.
The effects of progressive resistance training on bone density: a review.
TLDR
High-intensity resistance training, in contrast to traditional pharmacological and nutritional approaches for improving bone health in older adults, has the added benefit of influencing multiple risk factors for osteoporosis including improved strength and balance and increased muscle mass.
...
...