Bone mineral density, sex steroids, and mineral metabolism in premenopausal smokers

  title={Bone mineral density, sex steroids, and mineral metabolism in premenopausal smokers},
  author={Norb{\'e}rto Ortego-Centeno and Manuel Mu{\~n}oz-Torres and Jos{\'e} Hern{\'a}ndez-Quero and A. Jurado-Duce and J M de la Higuera Torres-Puchol},
  journal={Calcified Tissue International},
Smoking is related to decreased bone mass and increased risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, the harmful effects of smoking on bone have not been well characterized. The purpose of this study was to assess the repercussions of smoking on bone mass in premenopausal women, and the relationship between these effects and parameters of mineral metabolism and hormone profile. We measured bone mineral density (BMD) in 101 premenopausal women (47 smokers, 54 nonsmokers) with dualenergy X-ray… CONTINUE READING


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