Bone–femoral component interface gap after sagittal mechanical axis alignment is filled with new bone after cementless total knee arthroplasty

Abstract

This study retrospectively evaluated the fate of mismatch between an uncemented femoral component and each femoral cut surface (i.e., wedge-shaped gap) relative to sagittal mechanical alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Primary TKA was performed on 99 consecutive knees. The femoral components were aligned to the sagittal mechanical axis with CT-based navigation. All patients were assessed with postoperative true lateral radiographs. Bone-side surfaces of the uncemented femoral component were divided into five zones: anterior flange, anterior chamfer, posterior chamfer, posterior part, and distal part, which were defined as zones 1 to 5, respectively. Bone filling of wedge-shaped gaps in each zone was evaluated after 1 year. Femoral anterior notching did not occur. However, wedge-shaped gaps were observed in at least one zone in 23 of 99 knees (23%), most frequently in zone 5 (18%). There were 9 and 7 gaps in zones 1 and 2, respectively. The femoral component showed malpositioning of approximately 3° of flexion in cases with wedge-shaped gaps in zones 2 and/or 5. After one year, 67% (6/9) of zone 1, 100% (7/7) of zone 2, and 94% (17/18) of zone 5 wedge-shaped gaps were filled in with new bone. Femoral alignment relative to sagittal mechanical axis caused wedge-shaped gaps due to unstable anterior bone cutting through hard bone, but the small gaps were not clinically significant and filled in within one year. Sagittal setting of the femoral component should aim for the anatomical axis rather than the mechanical axis. IV.

DOI: 10.1007/s00167-017-4452-7

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Cite this paper

@article{Kuriyama2017BonefemoralCI, title={Bone–femoral component interface gap after sagittal mechanical axis alignment is filled with new bone after cementless total knee arthroplasty}, author={Shinichi Kuriyama and Katsufumi Hyakuna and Satoshi Inoue and Yasutsugu Kawai and Yasuyuki Tamaki and Hiromu Ito and Shuichi Matsuda}, journal={Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy}, year={2017}, pages={1-7} }