Bone development and mineral homeostasis in the fetus and neonate: roles of the calciotropic and phosphotropic hormones.

@article{Kovacs2014BoneDA,
  title={Bone development and mineral homeostasis in the fetus and neonate: roles of the calciotropic and phosphotropic hormones.},
  author={Christopher S Kovacs},
  journal={Physiological reviews},
  year={2014},
  volume={94 4},
  pages={
          1143-218
        }
}
Mineral and bone metabolism are regulated differently in utero compared with the adult. The fetal kidneys, intestines, and skeleton are not dominant sources of mineral supply for the fetus. Instead, the placenta meets the fetal need for mineral by actively transporting calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium from the maternal circulation. These minerals are maintained in the fetal circulation at higher concentrations than in the mother and normal adult, and such high levels appear necessary for the… CONTINUE READING

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