Body mass index and the prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia.

  title={Body mass index and the prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia.},
  author={C. D. Brown and Millicent W. Higgins and Karen A. Donato and Frederick Rohde and Robert J. Garrison and Eva Obarzanek and Nancy D. Ernst and M Horan},
  journal={Obesity research},
  volume={8 9},
OBJECTIVE To describe and evaluate relationships between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), and hypertension and dyslipidemia. [] Key MethodRESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES A national survey of adults in the United States that included measurement of height, weight, blood pressure, and lipids (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III 1988-1994).

Body mass index and blood pressure in rural, low socioeconomic children

Hypertension was strongly associated with an unhealthy BMI in these young children from a rural and low-socio-economic community and the findings raise concerns about the growing epidemic of childhood obesity and hypertension in young children.

[Relative importance of body mass index and waist circumference for hypertension in adults].

Both BMI and abdominal circumference were positively and independently associated with the occurrence of arterial hypertension, the influence of BMI being higher among men and women.

Comparison of the dietary intake and clinical characteristics of obese and normal weight adults

Excessive weight is associated with disturbances in lipid metabolism in these fairly young and otherwise healthy adults and dietary factors, including higher fat intake and alcohol consumption, seem to be contributing to the obesity of these subjects.

Arterial hypertension in obesity: relationships with hormone and anthropometric parameters

  • G. De PergolaA. NardecchiaP. GuidaF. Silvestris
  • Medicine, Biology
    European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology
  • 2011
The present study shows that diastolic blood pressure is independently and negatively associated with body mass index in normotensive or with recently discovered hypertension overweight and obese subjects, and never treated with antihypertensive drugs.

Independent impact of obesity and fat distribution in hypertension prevalence and control in the elderly

In this cross-sectional study in an elderly population, body mass index and waist circumference showed an independent and direct impact on the prevalence of hypertension and on the absence of blood pressure control.

Differences in the relationship between lipid CHD risk factors and body composition in Caucasians and Japanese

The Japanese subjects have smaller BMI and WC, worse total and LDL-cholesterol levels and better HDL-ch cholesterol levels compared to Caucasians, and the cut-points proposed by WHO and NHLBI may be too high for predicting an abnormality in triglycerides, total and cholesterol in Japanese.

Body mass index of healthy men compared with healthy women in the United States

  • K. Flegal
  • Medicine
    International Journal of Obesity
  • 2006
Only about 5% of healthy younger men or women would be classified as obese by BMI levels, however, the distribution of BMI differs between healthy men and healthy women.

Association between Obesity and Therapeutic Goal Attainment in Patients with Concomitant Hypertension and Dyslipidemia

Obesity appears to be an independent risk factor for the failure to attain BP and dual BP and low–density lipoprotein cholesterol goals in patients with concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia, and the findings suggest that future research is needed to determine the underlying link between obesity and failure to achieve these goals.


Prevalence of overweight and obesity among the medical students is higher than in general population and those with either higher BMI or central adiposity distribution are potential candidates of increased risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease.



The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity.

A graded increase in the prevalence ratio (PR) was observed with increasing severity of overweight and obesity for all of the health outcomes except for coronary heart disease in men and high blood cholesterol level in both men and women.

Cardiovascular health risks related to overweight.

Hazards of obesity--the Framingham experience.

Data show that increased relative weight and central obesity are associated with elevated levels of risk factors, with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and with increased death rates for all causes combined.

Indices of obesity and blood pressure in young men followed 32 years.

Relationships of low density lipoprotein cholesterol with age and other factors: a cross-sectional analysis of the CARDIA study.

Higher Keys diet score and body mass index were positively associated with LDL-C, while higher total caloric intake, vigorous physical activity, duration on a treadmill exercise test and usual intake of alcohol were negatively associated with cholesterol.

Excess body weight. An underrecognized contributor to high blood cholesterol levels in white American men.

Higher BMI was associated at all ages with higher plasma triglyceride level, lower HDL cholesterol level, and higher total and non-HDL cholesterol levels, and in young men, the higher total cholesterol level was reflected mainly in the LDL cholesterol level; in middle-aged and older men, in the non- HDL fraction.

Excess body weight. An under-recognized contributor to dyslipidemia in white American women.

For young women, excess body weight was associated with higher total, non-HDL and LDL-cholesterol levels, higher triglyceride levels, and lower HDL-ch cholesterol levels, while in older women, although similar differences in triglyceride Levels and HDL-Cholesterol levels were observed, excessBody weight wasassociated with smaller differences in total,Non-HDl, and LDL cholesterol.

Weight, weight change, and coronary heart disease in women. Risk within the 'normal' weight range.

Higher levels of body weight within the "normal" range, as well as modest weight gains after 18 years of age, appear to increase risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) in middle-aged women.

Health implications of obesity.

Obesity is more dangerous than gluteal-femoral obesity because the amount of intraabdominal fat seems to determine much of the increased peril; therefore, risks of cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension, and diabetes increase with abdominal obesity, even independently of total fat mass.

Obesity and hypertension: epidemiological and clinical issues.

Evidence from prospective studies and clinical trials suggests that hypertension in obese patients increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and that drug treatment of hypertension reduces the risk, however, it is uncertain whether the risks associated with hypertension and the benefits of treatment are as great in obese hypertensives as they are in lean hypertensive.