Body image perception among men in three countries.

  title={Body image perception among men in three countries.},
  author={Harrison G Pope and Amanda J. Gruber and Barbara Mangweth and B Bureau and C. DeCol and Roland Jouvent and J I Hudson},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  volume={157 8},
OBJECTIVE The authors tested the hypothesis that men in modern Western societies would desire to have a much leaner and more muscular body than the body they actually had or perceived themselves to have. METHOD The height, weight, and body fat of college-aged men in Austria (N=54), France (N=65), and the United States (N=81) were measured. Using the somatomorphic matrix, a computerized test devised by the authors, the men chose the body image that they felt represented 1) their own body, 2… 
Body Ideals in Young Samoan Men: A Comparison with Men in North America and Europe
Recent studies have suggested the young American and European men would prefer a far more muscular body than they actually possess. We assessed whether Samoan men, living in a non-Western culture on
Body fat perception in eating-disordered men.
It is suggested that distorted body perception, rather than body ideal, may be central to eating disorders in men, and this distinction may be important for both research and therapy.
Body Image among Ariaal Men from Northern Kenya
To test attitudes toward male body image in a society with relatively little media exposure, the authors surveyed 53 men, ages 20-35, among the Ariaal, pastoral nomads of northern Kenya. Measures of
Relationship between anthropometric variables and body image dissatisfaction among fitness center users
The purpose of this study was to identify the anthropometric dimensions related with body image dissatisfaction among fitness center users. Participants were 276 Brazilian members of fitness centers
Weight status and the perception of body image in men
  • R. Gardner
  • Psychology
    Psychology research and behavior management
  • 2014
Obese subjects are better at detecting changes in their body size when the image is distorted to be too thin as compared to too wide, and both obese and normal-weight men require about a 3%–7% change in the width of their body sizes to detect the change reliably.
Desiring the Muscular Ideal: Men's Body Satisfaction in the United States, Ukraine, and Ghana
Failure to achieve a lean and muscular build, a prominent characteristic of masculinity for many men, may lead to body dissatisfaction. In four studies the authors used silhouette measures to assess
Body image in men : drive for muscularity and social influences, body image evaluation and investment, and psychological well-being
Over the past decade, the study of male body image has increased considerably and substantial levels of body discontent among males have been reported. Accompanying this dissatisfaction is a rise in
Beyond Muscles
It was found that men were dissatisfied with all six aspects of their bodies, and worried primarily about body weight, penis size and height, while aspects of weight, muscularity, height and penis size, but not head or body hair, were related to overall appearance self-esteem.
Ideal body image for the opposite sex and its association with body mass index.
Age was found to be a relevant factor in IBIOS preferences, and in the association with body mass index (BMI) and nutritional status as measured by BMI, which was only observed to be significant in the younger age group.


Evolving ideals of male body image as seen through action toys.
The physiques of male action toys--small plastic figures used by children in play--would provide some index of evolving American cultural ideals of male body image and suggest that cultural expectations may contribute to body image disorders in both sexes.
In Pursuit of the Perfect Appearance: Discrepancies Among Self‐Ideal Percepts of Multiple Physical Attributes 1
Testing self-discrepancy theories of body image, this investigation examined self-perceived and idealized physical attributes among 66 men and 69 women, who were white, heterosexual college students.
Generalized equations for predicting body density of men
The regression equations were shown to be valid for adult men varying in age and fatness, in combination with age, waist and forearm circumference.
Eating disorders in Austrian men : An intracultural and crosscultural comparison study
The data suggest a weak association betweeneating disorders and homosexual or bisexual orientation in men, and no consistent association between eating disorders and childhood sexual abuse.
Fat-free mass index in users and nonusers of anabolic-androgenic steroids.
It appears that FFMI may represent a useful initial measure to screen for possible steroid abuse, especially in athletic, medical, or forensic situations in which individuals may attempt to deny such behavior.
Risk factors for anabolic-androgenic steroid use in men.
The Adonis Complex: The Secret Crisis of Male Body Obsession
Combining case studies with scientific research, this book reveals a threat that is as serious as the beauty myth for women or anorexia nervosa for girls. Growing numbers of young men are taking the