Body forces and pressures in elastic models of the myocardium.

Abstract

Tension strands are introduced to represent active myocardial fibers. They create one body force proportional to the divergence of the tension-direction vector, and a second equal to the tension divided by the radius of curvature. Explicit solutions to isotropic linearly elastic tensor equations with these body forces are found for the radially-symmetric, linearly-isotropic, elastic spherical heart with arbitrary radial body force. They confirm experiments showing supraluminal intramural pressures. Such pressures may affect coronary perfusion. A tension strand model which is a reasonable compromise between actual myofibrillar geometry and analytical simplicity is the iso-oblique, terminating, nonintersecting model. The body force from that or any other axially symmetric body force can be the forcing term for equations in which the heart is modeled as a thin, ellipsoidal, elastic membrane.

Cite this paper

@article{Pierce1981BodyFA, title={Body forces and pressures in elastic models of the myocardium.}, author={William H. Pierce}, journal={Biophysical journal}, year={1981}, volume={34 1}, pages={35-59} }