Body composition changes with age have gender-specific impacts on bone mineral density.

@article{Lim2004BodyCC,
  title={Body composition changes with age have gender-specific impacts on bone mineral density.},
  author={Soo Yeon Lim and Hyojee Joung and Chan Soo Shin and Hong Kyu Lee and Ki Sook Kim and Eun Kyung Shin and Hee-Young Kim and Min-Kyung Lim and Sung-il Cho},
  journal={Bone},
  year={2004},
  volume={35 3},
  pages={792-8}
}
Body weight, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, and diet have been proven to affect bone mineral density (BMD) directly or indirectly. Of these, body weight is perhaps best known to affect BMD. However, there is some debate as to whether lean body mass (LBM) or fat mass (FM), the two components of body weight, most determines BMD. Recently, newer peripheral densitometry devices have been developed, which have the advantages of low cost and portability, and this has made field epidemiologic… CONTINUE READING

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