Bluetongue: pathogenesis and duration of viraemia.

  title={Bluetongue: pathogenesis and duration of viraemia.},
  author={N. James Maclachlan},
  journal={Veterinaria italiana},
  volume={40 4},
Bluetongue (BT) is a non-contagious, insect-transmitted disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by bluetongue virus (BTV). Whereas BTV infection of the haematophagous Culicoides insect vector is persistent (life-long), BTV infection of ruminants is transient. The prolonged viraemia that occurs in many BTV-infected ruminants occurs through a novel interaction of the virus with erythrocytes and, initially, other blood cell types. The presence of BTV in ruminant blood can readily be detected… CONTINUE READING