Bluetongue: history, global epidemiology, and pathogenesis.

  title={Bluetongue: history, global epidemiology, and pathogenesis.},
  author={N. James Maclachlan},
  journal={Preventive veterinary medicine},
  volume={102 2},
Bluetongue is an arthropod-transmitted viral disease of ruminants and certain other animals that was recognized and described more than 100 years ago in southern Africa. Bluetongue virus (BTV) infection of ruminants and vector Culicoides insects is enzootic throughout tropical and temperate regions of the world; however, there have been drastic recent regional alterations in the global distribution of BTV infection, particularly in Europe since 1998. Multiple novel BTV serotypes also have been… CONTINUE READING
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