Blueprints for complex learning: The 4C/ID-model

@article{Merrinboer2002BlueprintsFC,
  title={Blueprints for complex learning: The 4C/ID-model},
  author={Jeroen J. G. van Merri{\"e}nboer and Richard E. Clark and M.B.M. de Croock},
  journal={Educational Technology Research and Development},
  year={2002},
  volume={50},
  pages={39-61}
}
This article provides an overview description of the four-component instructional design system (4C/ID-model) developed originally by van Merriënboer and others in the early 1990s (van Merriënboer, Jelsma, & Paas, 1992) for the design of training programs for complex skills. It discusses the structure of training blueprints for complex learning and associated instructional methods. The basic claim is that four interrelated components are essential in blueprints for complex learning: (a… 

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...

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