Blood talks: Eugenic modernity and the creation of new Japanese

  title={Blood talks: Eugenic modernity and the creation of new Japanese},
  author={Jennifer Ellen Robertson},
  journal={History and Anthropology},
  pages={191 - 216}
  • J. Robertson
  • Published 1 January 2002
  • Art
  • History and Anthropology
In fin-de-siècle Japan, the ideal of "eugenic modernity," or the application of scientific concepts and methods as a means to constitute both the nation and its constituent subjects (New Japanese), crystallized in the space of imperialism. Three of the main themes explored are the application of eugenic principles to make connections between biology, kinship, and the plasticity of the human body; to contemporize historical stigmas; and to promote "pure-bloodedness" and "ethnic-national endogamy… 
Background to the Eugenics Movement and Influences on Friedrich Hayek
Friedrich Hayek was against eugenics and the eugenics movement. Although from childhood he was familiar with the concepts of Darwinism and sometimes stated the Nordic superiority and anti-Semitic
Dehistoricizing History
Abstract This article traces the unsettling history behind the concept of “East Asian bioethics,” a term coined in the mid 1990s, and raises questions about processes of history-making (and
Hemato-nationalism: The Past, Present, and Future of “Japanese Blood”
The compelling fiction of something called “Japanese blood” is interrogated—a multi-authored “hemato-narrative” that has been nurtured and sustained for more than a century that considers the cuteness industry, eugenics, blood donation, and national identity.
Zionist eugenics, mixed marriage, and the creation of a ‘new Jewish type’
The application of racial categories to the Jews by Zionist physicians and anthropologists in the first half of the twentieth century has been the focus of several recent studies. In these studies
Towards a Global Genealogy of Biopolitics: Race, Colonialism, and Biometrics beyond Europe
This paper examines, at the global scale, the biopolitical strategy of racism that Foucault articulated in the context of 19th-century Europe. Through my historical analysis both of the emergent
Japan and the Rise of the Idea of Race: The Meiji Era Fusion of Foreign and Domestic Constructions
The notion of race, and notably the anxiety over the global hierarchy of the races alongside doubts about the capacity for survival of the Japanese ‘race ’, were a matter of unprecedented concern in
A Note on Transnational Consanguinity, or, Kinship in the Age of Terrorism
Introduction There is no need to remind my readers that recent studies of kinship in anthropology have turned a number of interesting corners. The self-interrogatory that British social anthropology
Introduction: blood will out
What is blood? The many meanings of blood vividly attest to its polyvalent qualities and its unusual capacity for accruing layers of symbolic resonance. Life and death; nurturance and violence;
Haunted by Defeat: Imperial Sexualities, Prostitution, and the Emergence of Postwar Japan
Abstract:This article addresses sexuality and prostitution as key elements in the emergence of postwar Japanese nationalism. It analyzes discursive practices, which Japan's authorities used to
Husband Murder as the "Sickness" of Korea: Carceral Gynecology, Race, and Tradition in Colonial Korea, 1926-1932
So far, the feminist history of colonialism has been examined mainly in Western imperial settings characterized by the familiar racial duality of white and nonwhite. In this article, I draw attention


Blood and Nation: The European Aesthetics of Race
Throughout its history, Europe has been marked by xenophobia and intolerance often leading to violent intergroup conflicts. Uli Linke explores how extensions of blood imagery used in language became
Can we learn from eugenics?
The moral challenge posed by eugenics for genetics in the authors' own time, it is argued, is to achieve social justice.
Japan's Orient: Rendering Pasts into History.
This study examines how Japanese historians during the late 19th and early 20th centuries created the equivalent of an "Orient" for their new nation state. After the Meiji Restoration, Japan faced
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
This writer who has warned us of the “ideological” function of both the oeuvre and the author as unquestioned forms of discursive organization has gone quite far in constituting for both these
Japan's First Cyborg? Miss Nippon, Eugenics and Wartime Technologies of Beauty, Body and Blood
In June 1931, on the eve of the invasion of Manchuria, the Japanese mass media announced the winner of the first Miss Nippon contest. Applicants were limited to rank amateurs whose photographs, and
Imperfect Conceptions: Medical Knowledge, Birth Defects and Eugenics in China
Frank Dik tter explores the contexts and history of eugenics in both Communist China and Taiwan and goes beyond a simple authoritarian model to provide a more complex view of eugenic policy, showing how a variety of voices including those of popular journalists, social reformers, medical writers, sex educators, university professors, and politicians all disseminate information that supports rather than questions the state's program.
Race, Culture and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology
"We have, at long last, a real historian with real historical skills and no intra-professional ax to grind. . . . All these pieces show the virtues one finds missing in . . . nearly all of
Managing the Truth of Sex in Imperial Japan
My lecture is a lecture on biology. Therefore we will not be dealing with venereal diseases or perversions but with perfectly normal sexual phenomena. From my experience during the past two semesters
Eugenics and public health in American history.
  • M. Pernick
  • Medicine
    American journal of public health
  • 1997
The results demonstrate that eugenics was not an isolated movement whose significance is confined to the histories of genetics and pseudoscience, but was instead an important and cautionary part of past public health and a general medical history as well.
Re-inventing Japan : time, space, nation
These stories of magic and heroism, and of terrifying encounters with Baba Yaga, Zmei the serpent, and Koshchei the Immortal, are surely the best-known and best-loved folktales of Russia. A