Blood loss in adult spinal surgery

  title={Blood loss in adult spinal surgery},
  author={Serena S. Hu},
  journal={European Spine Journal},
Spinal surgery in adults can vary from simple to complex and can also have variable anticipated surgical blood loss. There are several factors that can put patients at increased risk for greater intraoperative blood loss. These factors, including a review of the literature, will be discussed. 

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