Blood in Hittite Ritual

  title={Blood in Hittite Ritual},
  author={Gary M. Beckman},
  journal={Journal of Cuneiform Studies},
  pages={95 - 102}
  • G. Beckman
  • Published 1 January 2011
  • History
  • Journal of Cuneiform Studies
The generally anonymous authors of the texts that describe the rites of the Hittite state cult were practical men.1 Laconically they set forth the procedures to be followed and wasted few words explicating or justifying either the ceremonies or the individual ritual actions of which they were composed. Thus in our consideration of the meaning and function of blood in Hittite religious practice,2 we cannot avail ourselves of any clear statement of native belief analogous to that found for Israel… 

The Hittites Serve Their Gods

  • G. Beckman
  • History
    The Oxford Handbook of Ritual and Worship in the Hebrew Bible
  • 2020
In the universe of the Hittites, humans had but a single duty—to serve their deities by providing them with sustenance, praise, and entertainment. This responsibility was organized by the king

Reinheitsvorstellungen und Entsühnungsriten bei den Hethitern und ihr möglicher Einfluss auf die biblische Überlieferung

On the basis of relevant textual passages and lexicographical research this article focuses on the meaning of purity in everyday life and cult as well as the rules referring to it. Furthermore, it

The influence of the Hurrian religion in Urkesh (Tell Mozan) on the belief of societies from the ancient Near East during the Bronze Age

This study sheds light on the kingdom of Urkesh (Tell Mozan) at the end of the third millennium BC. AD as a prosperous capital, its population ranged from ten thousand to twenty thousand people.


Kizzuwatnean rituals occupy an important place among the Hittite magical rituals. These rituals are encountered in Hittite archives since the Middle Hittite period. Kizzuwatna is a transitional and a

Where did one speak luwili? Geographic and linguistic diversity of Luwian cuneiform texts

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to assess complications in Luwian dialectal geography in the second millennium BCE, which became apparent in the course of the ongoing work on the edition of


Comparison of Salat Tepe Ritual Contexts with Hittite-Hurrian Ritual Texts Salat Tepe is located ca. 25km east of Bismil, Diyarbakır. Salvage excavations have been carried out in the mound between

Doklady raného náboženstva Churritov v starovekom Urkeši

Nejvic dokladů umožňujicich poznat naboženstvi churritske populace, obývajici v minulosti regiony starověkeho Předniho východu, pochazi z 2. tisicileti před n. l. Už meně je vsak probadane rane



Juice of Life: The Symbolic and Magic Significance of Blood

"Camporesi ought to be read in small doses, since if we were to read him all at once we should wonder, 'Wait, what are we, we civilized people?'" -- Umberto Eco

AŠRU: KBo 13.101 i 28′ (CTH 435); the ayakki-structure: KBo 13

    -r)a-in] e-eš-ḫ a-aḫ -ru waaš-ta-in. Restoration from dupl. KBo 10.45 i 9′. This composition has been edited by H. Otten

    • Documentum Asiae Minoris Antiquae. Festschrift für Heinrich Otten zum 75. Geburtstag
    • 1961

    KBo 3.1 i 42 (CTH 19): [na-pa m Mur-ši-i-li-ya-aš] e-eš-ḫ ar DINGIR.MEš ša-an-ḫ

      23′ (CTH 378): nu KUR URU Ḫ a-at-ti-ya a-pa-a-aš iš-ḫ a-na-an-za ar-ḫ a nam-ma �zi-�in-né

      • 1997

      R . Gurney , Some Aspects of Hittite Religion , 30 ; and C

      • Kühne , ZA
      • 1986

      Other cultic uses of blood that do not fit the pattern determined here include depositing it upon an offering table (KBo 9

        MEš-ma-aš-ša URU Ḫ a-at-tu-ši e-er-ma-aš-mì-it e-eš-ḫ [ar-š]a-mì-it i-da-a-lu-uš-mì-it ḫ a-tu-ka-aš-mì-it ḫ a-re

        • 1969

        Blood indeed plays very little part in Hittite sacrifice

        • Ein hethitisches Beschwörungsmotiv aus Kizzuwatna-seine Herkunft und Wanderung
        • 1971

        ŠI-PÁT e-eš-ḫ a-na-aš ma-a-an-za MUNUS-za ḫ [a-a-ši] nu e-eš-ḫ a-ar-še-et a-ri-it-ta

        • Hittite Birth Rituals
        • 1983