Blood flow restriction training: a novel approach to augment clinical rehabilitation: how to do it

  title={Blood flow restriction training: a novel approach to augment clinical rehabilitation: how to do it},
  author={Stephen David Patterson and Luke Hughes and Paul Head and Stuart Anthony Warmington and Christopher Roy Brandner},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  pages={1648 - 1649}
Strength training forms a pivotal part of rehabilitation. Heavy-load strength training (60%–70% one-repetition maximum (1RM)) has been traditionally prescribed to improve muscle strength, body mass and function,1 but may be unattainable and/or confer increased risk of adverse consequences in individuals with a musculoskeletal (MSK) impairment. The challenge faced by clinical practitioners is how to effectively and safely adapt training loads throughout rehabilitation. In the past decade… 

Blood Flow Restriction in Exercise and Rehabilitation

INTRODUCTION raditional weight training protocols rely on heavy-load Tresistance to induce muscle hypertrophy and strength improvement. Conventionally, 70% of an athlete’s one-repetition maximum

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As BFR exercise provides an additional intervention to improve functional capacity by increasing muscle strength, mass and endurance, it’s utility in mitigating sarcopenia and dynapenia in at risk individuals (ie, frail elderly, postoperative) is becoming more apparent.

Blood Flow Restriction (BFR) Therapy in Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

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From the evidence available, blood flow restriction exercise of multiple modalities improved objective measures of physical function indicative of activities of daily living.

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This chapter outlines a progressive model for rehabilitation following surgery and sets out a step-by-step process of how to integrate BFRT to attenuate muscle atrophy and maximise recovery postoperatively.

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Blood Flow Restriction Training in Rehabilitation Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructive Surgery: A Review

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It seems reasonable to hypothesize that resistance training with BFR is a promising new strategy to boost the effectiveness of resistance training interventions regarding cognitive performance, and rationales of possible adaptation processes induced by resistance trainingWith BFR are provided.

Blood Flow–Restricted Training for Lower Extremity Muscle Weakness due to Knee Pathology: A Systematic Review

Context: Blood flow–restricted training (BFRT) has been suggested to treat lower extremity muscle weakness. The efficacy of BFRT for muscle problems related to knee pathology is unclear. Objective:



Blood flow restriction training and the exercise pressor reflex: a call for concern.

Although altered EPR function in HTN, HF, and PAD underlies the concern for the widespread implementation of BFR, use of this training mechanism may also have negative consequences in the absence of disease.

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The results indicate that the use of BFR training is widespread amongst practitioners; however, care should be taken to ensure that practice matches current research to ensure the safety of this technique.

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American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise.

This document supersedes the 1998 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Position Stand, "The Recommended Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory and Muscular Fitness, and Flexibility in Healthy Adults."

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Effects of cuff width on arterial occlusion: implications for blood flow restricted exercise

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Potential safety issues with blood flow restriction training

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