Blood flow restriction training: a novel approach to augment clinical rehabilitation: how to do it

@article{Patterson2017BloodFR,
  title={Blood flow restriction training: a novel approach to augment clinical rehabilitation: how to do it},
  author={Stephen David Patterson and Luke Hughes and Paul Head and Stuart Anthony Warmington and Christopher Roy Brandner},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2017},
  volume={51},
  pages={1648 - 1649}
}
Strength training forms a pivotal part of rehabilitation. Heavy-load strength training (60%–70% one-repetition maximum (1RM)) has been traditionally prescribed to improve muscle strength, body mass and function,1 but may be unattainable and/or confer increased risk of adverse consequences in individuals with a musculoskeletal (MSK) impairment. The challenge faced by clinical practitioners is how to effectively and safely adapt training loads throughout rehabilitation. In the past decade… 

Blood Flow Restriction in Exercise and Rehabilitation

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Blood flow restriction training and the exercise pressor reflex: a call for concern.

Although altered EPR function in HTN, HF, and PAD underlies the concern for the widespread implementation of BFR, use of this training mechanism may also have negative consequences in the absence of disease.

Potential safety issues with blood flow restriction training

The aim of this review was to summarize the research on the overall safety of blood flow restriction training, focusing on the cardiovascular system (central and peripheral), muscle damage, oxidative stress, and nerve conduction velocity responses compared with those observed with regular exercise.

The role of blood flow restriction training for applied practitioners: A questionnaire-based survey

The results indicate that the use of BFR training is widespread amongst practitioners; however, care should be taken to ensure that practice matches current research to ensure the safety of this technique.

Effects of exercise intensity and occlusion pressure after 12 weeks of resistance training with blood-flow restriction

BFRT protocols benefit from higher occlusion pressure (80 %) when exercising at very low intensities when considering muscle strength, and conventional high-intensity resistance training (RT) protocols seem less effective than high- intensity RT.

Blood flow restriction training in clinical musculoskeletal rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Low-load BFR training is more effective, tolerable and therefore a potential clinical rehabilitation tool, and there is a need for the development of an individualised approach to training prescription to minimise patient risk and increase effectiveness.

Effects of cuff width on arterial occlusion: implications for blood flow restricted exercise

Models indicate that restrictive cuff pressures should be largely based on thigh circumference and not on pressures previously used in the literature, suggesting that future studies account for the width of the cuff used.

American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise.

The purpose of this Position Stand is to provide guidance to professionals who counsel and prescribe individualized exercise to apparently healthy adults of all ages. These recommendations also may