Blood flow decrease induces apoptosis of endothelial cells in previously dilated arteries resulting from chronic high blood flow.

Abstract

We investigated apoptosis of endothelial cells during the arterial narrowing process in response to reduction in flow. The decrease in flow was created in the carotid artery by closure of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF), which had been established for 28 days in rabbits. The endothelial cell apoptosis in the carotid artery was studied at 1, 3, 7, and 21 days… (More)

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