Blood, Dirt, and Nomograms: A Particular History of Graphs

@article{Hankins1999BloodDA,
  title={Blood, Dirt, and Nomograms: A Particular History of Graphs},
  author={Thomas L. Hankins},
  journal={Isis},
  year={1999},
  volume={90},
  pages={50 - 80}
}
L. J. Henderson, a Harvard physiologist and the first president of the History of Science Society, attempted to analyze mammalian blood solely as a physical-chemical substance. He found that the only way he could describe a chemical system as complicated as blood was by a diagram called a "nomogram." This lecture tells the history of Henderson's nomogram and of nomograms in general. It describes the origins of graphs in the eighteenth century, their development in nineteenth-century engineering… 

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