Blocking Definitions of Materialism

@article{Hawthorne2002BlockingDO,
  title={Blocking Definitions of Materialism},
  author={John Hawthorne},
  journal={Philosophical Studies},
  year={2002},
  volume={110},
  pages={103-113}
}
  • J. Hawthorne
  • Published 1 August 2002
  • Philosophy
  • Philosophical Studies
It is often thought that materialism about themind can be clarified using the concept of supervenience. But there is a difficulty. Amaterialist should admit the possibility ofghosts and thus should allow that a world mightduplicate the physical character of our worldand enjoy, in addition, immaterial beings withmental properties. So materialists can't claimthat every world that is physicallyindistinguishable from our world is alsomentally indistinguishable; and this is wellknown. What is less… 
The problem of extras and the contingency of physicalism
Perhaps all concrete phenomena obtain solely in virtue of physical phenomena. Even so, it seems that the world could have been otherwise. It seems that physicalism, if true, is contingently true. In
Emergentism and supervenience physicalism
A purely metaphysical formulation of physicalism is surprisingly elusive. One popular slogan is, ‘There is nothing over and above the physical’. Problems with this arise on two fronts. First, it is
A Note on the Definition of Physicalism
Physicalism is incompatible with what is known as the possibility of zombies, that is, the possibility of a world physically like ours, but in which there are no conscious experiences. But it is
Modality, Metaphysics, and Method
Since the modal turn of the 1960s and 1970s, modality has played a central role in metaphysical theories about numerous topics. For example, many philosophers have defined an essential feature of an
Supervenience and Physicalism
According to physicalism regarding mentality, mental phenomena obtain solely in virtue of physical phenomena. How can this view be true if mental properties are not physical? One highly notorious
Functionalism, superduperfunctionalism, and physicalism: lessons from supervenience
TLDR
It is argued that functional-role theories fail by the same standards for physicalism because they merely state without explaining how a physical property plays or occupies a functional role, and that one cannot redeploy functional- role theory at a deeper level to explain role occupation, specifically by iterating the role-occupant scheme.
Supervenience Physicalism, Emergentism, and the Polluted Supervenience Base
A prominent objection to supervenience physicalism is that a definition of physicalism in terms of supervenience allows for physicalism to be compatible with nonphysicalist outlooks, such as certain
Grounding and Necessity
Abstract The elucidations and regimentations of grounding offered in the literature standardly take it to be a necessary connection. In particular, authors often assert, or at least assume, that if
From Grounding to Supervenience?
The concept of supervenience and a regimented concept of grounding are often taken to provide rival explications of pre-theoretical concepts of dependence and determination. Friends of grounding
...
1
2
3
...