Blockchain distributed ledger technologies for biomedical and health care applications

@article{Kuo2017BlockchainDL,
  title={Blockchain distributed ledger technologies for biomedical and health care applications},
  author={Tsung-Ting Kuo and Hyeon-eui Kim and Lucila Ohno-Machado},
  journal={Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA},
  year={2017},
  volume={24},
  pages={1211 - 1220}
}
Objectives To introduce blockchain technologies, including their benefits, pitfalls, and the latest applications, to the biomedical and health care domains. [] Key MethodTarget Audience Biomedical and health care informatics researchers who would like to learn about blockchain technologies and their applications in the biomedical/health care domains.

Figures and Tables from this paper

Comparison of blockchain platforms: a systematic review and healthcare examples

TLDR
Comparing popular blockchain platforms using a systematic review method, and providing a reference for selection of a suitable blockchain platform given requirements and technical features that are common in healthcare and biomedical research applications are provided.

Applications of Blockchain in the Medical Field: Narrative Review

TLDR
A systematic review of the current and projected uses of blockchain technology in health care, as well as directions for future research, summarizes some medical scenarios closely related to blockchain from the perspective of technical classification.

Applications of Blockchain in the Medical Field: Narrative Review (Preprint)

TLDR
A systematic review of the current and projected uses of blockchain technology in health care, as well as directions for future research, highlights some medical scenarios closely related to blockchain from the perspective of technical classification.

Blockchain Technologies: Opportunities for Solving Real-World Problems in Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences

  • Taghreed Justinia
  • Medicine, Computer Science
    Acta informatica medica : AIM : journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia & Herzegovina : casopis Drustva za medicinsku informatiku BiH
  • 2019
TLDR
This paper describes and synthesizes 20 examples of real-world use-case scenarios for blockchains in healthcare and biomedical practice and discusses as a review some potential areas of opportunity for blockchain in the health and biomedical sciences fields.

Blockchain in Healthcare: Opportunities, Challenges, and Possible Solutions

TLDR
This work states that among key industries, health care offers several significant opportunities for applying blockchain conceptualization, and there are possible countermeasures and implementation techniques, which if adhered to, can reasonably contain many aspects of such challenges.

Blockchain in Healthcare and Medicine: A Contemporary Research of Applications, Challenges, and Future Perspectives

Blockchain technology is one of the most contemporary and disruptive technologies in the world. It has gained considerable attention in numerous applications such as financial services, cybersecurity

Applications of Blockchain Technology in Medicine and Healthcare: Challenges and Future Perspectives

TLDR
This paper reviews both the existing and latest developments in the field of healthcare by implementing blockchain as a model, and discusses the applications of blockchain, along with the challenges faced and future perspectives.

A Review on the Role of Blockchain Technology in the Healthcare Domain

TLDR
The concept of blockchain technology and hurdles in their adoption in the healthcare domain are discussed, and a review is conducted on the latest implementations of Blockchain technology in healthcare.

Blockchain Utilization in Healthcare: Key Requirements and Challenges

TLDR
The smart contract for blockchain based healthcare systems is introduced which is key for defining the pre-defined agreements among various involved stakeholders and presents the challenges and obstacles needed before the successful adoption of blockchain technology in healthcare systems.

Generalizable Layered Blockchain Architecture for Health Care Applications: Development, Case Studies, and Evaluation

TLDR
A generalized layered blockchain architecture that provides data coordination functions, including data requests, permission granting, data exchange, and usage tracking, for a wide spectrum of health care application developments is proposed.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 113 REFERENCES

Blockchain technology in healthcare: The revolution starts here

  • M. Mettler
  • Medicine
    2016 IEEE 18th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services (Healthcom)
  • 2016
Blockchain technology has shown its considerable adaptability in recent years as a variety of market sectors sought ways of incorporating its abilities into their operations. While so far most of the

A Case Study for Blockchain in Healthcare : “ MedRec ” prototype for electronic health records and medical research data

TLDR
The purpose of this paper is to expose a working prototype of MedRec, a novel, decentralized record management system to handle EHRs, using blockchain technology, and to analyze and discuss the approach and the potential for blockchain in health IT and research.

MedRec: Using Blockchain for Medical Data Access and Permission Management

TLDR
This paper proposes MedRec: a novel, decentralized record management system to handle EMRs, using blockchain technology, and incentivizes medical stakeholders to participate in the network as blockchain “miners”, enabling the emergence of data economics.

Improving data transparency in clinical trials using blockchain smart contracts

TLDR
It is shown that blockchain smart contracts provide a novel technological solution to the data manipulation problem, by acting as trusted administrators and providing an immutable record of trial history.

Blockchain: Securing a New Health Interoperability Experience

TLDR
This research examines how blockchain technologies can support many existing healthcare business processes at a fundamental level and promise to improve data integrity dramatically while enabling at-scale interoperability for information exchange, patient tracking, identity assurance and validation.

Blockchain: Blueprint for a New Economy

TLDR
Mastering Bitcoin: Unlocking Digital Crypto-Currencies introduces Bitcoin and describes the technology behind Bitcoin and the blockchain, and Blockchain: Blueprint for a New Economy considers theoretical, philosophical, and societal impact of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies.

A Blockchain-Based Approach to Health Information Exchange Networks

TLDR
This work presents a Blockchain-based approach to sharing patient data that trades a single centralized source of trust in favor of network consensus, and predicates consensus on proof of structural and semantic interoperability.

Enabling Blockchain Innovations with Pegged Sidechains

Since the introduction of Bitcoin[Nak09] in 2009, and the multiple computer science and electronic cash innovations it brought, there has been great interest in the potential of decentralised

Healthcare Data Gateways: Found Healthcare Intelligence on Blockchain with Novel Privacy Risk Control

TLDR
An App (called Healthcare Data Gateway (HGD) architecture based on blockchain is proposed to enable patient to own, control and share their own data easily and securely without violating privacy, which provides a new potential way to improve the intelligence of healthcare systems while keeping patient data private.

Blockchain and Health IT: Algorithms, Privacy and Data

TLDR
The threats to the security, confidentiality, integrity, and availability of PMI data are reviewed and an initial use case of OPAL/Enigma is concluded that could empower precision medicine clinical trials and research.
...