Blockage of apoptotic signaling of transforming growth factor-beta in human hepatoma cells by carboxyfullerene.


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been shown to induce apoptosis in normal hepatocytes and hepatoma cells both in vivo and in vitro. However, the mechanism by which TGF-beta induces apoptosis is not clear. The antiapoptotic activity of antioxidants including N-acetyl-L-cysteine (Ac-Cys), ascorbic acid and a novel free radical scavenger… (More)