Blind channel estimation for multiple input multiple output uplink guard-band assisted code division multiple access systems with layered space frequency equalisation

  title={Blind channel estimation for multiple input multiple output uplink guard-band assisted code division multiple access systems with layered space frequency equalisation},
  author={Sonu Punnoose and Xu Zhu and Asoke K. Nandi},
  journal={IET Commun.},
Single carrier (SC) code division multiple access (CDMA) with block transmission has been shown to be more effective while utilising a low-complexity equaliser to combat frequency-selective fading channels, when compared with conventional direct sequence CDMA technology. It also has lower peak-to-average power ratio and lower frequency sensitivity compared with multicarrier CDMA. The authors propose two blind channel estimation methods for uplink multiple input multiple output SC-CDMA systems… 
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