Blast resistance in rice: a review of conventional breeding to molecular approaches

  title={Blast resistance in rice: a review of conventional breeding to molecular approaches},
  author={Gous Miah and Mohd Yusop Rafii and Mohd Razi Ismail and Adam Bin Puteh and Harun Abdul Rahim and R. Asfaliza and Mohammad Abdul Latif},
  journal={Molecular Biology Reports},
Blast disease caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae is the most severe diseases of rice. Using classical plant breeding techniques, breeders have developed a number of blast resistant cultivars adapted to different rice growing regions worldwide. However, the rice industry remains threatened by blast disease due to the instability of blast fungus. Recent advances in rice genomics provide additional tools for plant breeders to improve rice production systems that would be… 

Blast resistance in rice: a review of breeding and biotechnology.

The use of cost-effective, finely mapped microsatellites, marker-assistedbackcross breeding and MAS strategies should provide opportunities for breeders to develop high-yield, blast resistance rice cultivars.

Advancement in the Breeding, Biotechnological and Genomic Tools towards Development of Durable Genetic Resistance against the Rice Blast Disease

Rice production needs to be sustained in the coming decades, as the changeable climatic conditions are becoming more conducive to disease outbreaks. The majority of rice diseases cause enormous

Blast disease intimidation towards rice cultivation: a review of pathogen and strategies to control

This review will provide use fulfacts about the pathogen and its epidemiology, assessment of resistance genes and effective control measure of rice blast disease through breeding and management, and update information will be helpful and guide to the research students and rice breeders to develop durable blast resistant rice varieties.

Cataloguing of blast resistance genes in landraces and breeding lines of rice from India

In the present study, a set of 37 rice genotypes comprising of landraces, advanced breeding lines and released varieties were first characterized for blast resistance under epiphytotic conditions and subsequently different blast resistant genes were catalogued with the help of markers tightly linked to these genes.

Introgression of blast resistance gene in Kalanamak short grain rice variety through marker assisted backcross breeding

Blast is the most common biotic stress leading to the reduction of rice yield in many rice-growing areas of the world, including India. Improvement of blast resistance of rice varieties cultivated in

Identification of novel rice blast resistance alleles through sequence-based allele mining

Background: As rice ( Oryza sativa ) is the staple food of more than half the world’s population, rice production contributes greatly to global food security. Rice blast caused by the fungus M

Rice blast: strategies and challenges for improving genetic resistance

This work aims to characterize rice blast and elucidate available biotechnological alternatives to accelerate the development of improved rice cultivars resistant to rice blast.

Identification of Novel Alleles of the Rice Blast-Resistance Gene Pi9 through Sequence-Based Allele Mining

The thirteen novel Pi9 alleles identified in this study expand the list of available of blast-resistance alleles, and seven tandem-repeat regions of the Pi2/Pi9 locus from different donors were characterized as broad-spectrum rice blast-Resistance fragments; these donors enrich the genetic resources available for rice blast -resistance breeding programs.



Stratages and Advances in Improving Resistance to Rice Blast by Transgenic Approaches

This view summarises the improvement programmes from the utilization of the genes referred above, which show that the rice cultivars with broad-spectrum resistance will be produced, by transplanting some genes such as R genes, antifungal-protein genes and bactericidal- protein genes.

Resistance Genes and Selection DNA Markers for Blast Disease in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

This report provides the first assembled list of the reported DNA markers for blast resistance genes, including the sequences of the primer pairs, genetic distances from the resistant genes, and cross combinations of the parental strains used to detect the polymorphisms.

Transgenic strategies for genetic improvement of Basmati rice.

  • R. JainS. Jain
  • Biology, Medicine
    Indian journal of experimental biology
  • 2000
The application and future prospects of transformation technology to engineer the resistance against insect pests, fungal diseases, bacterial diseases, and improved nutritional quality in Basmati rice, have been addressed.

Development of Dominant Rice Blast Pi‐ta Resistance Gene Markers

The Pi-ta gene markers provide a basis for stacking other blast resistance genes into high yielding and good quality advanced breeding rice lines in advanced Arkansas rice breeding lines.

Recent Advances in Cloning and Characterization of Disease Resistance Genes in Rice

This review summarizes the recent advances in cloning and characterization of disease resistance genes in rice and presents future perspectives for in-depth molecular analysis of the function and evolution of rice resistance genes and their interaction with avirulence genes in pathogens.

Development and characterization of blast resistance using differential varieties in rice

Monitoring of blast races for rice blast control has revealed promising rice cultivars for blast control with some showing partial resistance, and sufficient quantitative analyses of blast race epidemics, which are necessary for the durability of blast resistant cultivars, have not been carried out.

Using Genetic Diversity to Achieve Sustainable Rice Disease Management.

To achieve sustainability of rice production in Asia, the authors need a rice production system built upon effective resistant varieties with broad resilience to a range of diseases and insect pests, and much more can be done to integrate these two approaches to achieve results in farmers’ fields.

Molecular markers linked to the blast resistance gene Pi-z in rice for use in marker-assisted selection

PCR-based DNA markers that cosegregate with Pi-z can be used as a low cost, high-throughput alternative to conventional phenotypic screening for direct detection of blast resistance genes, allowing rapid introgression of genes into susceptible varieties as well as the incorporation of multiple genes into individual lines for more-durable blast resistance.

Advances in genetics, genomics and control of rice blast disease

Rice research should focus on identifying more durably resistant genes, tagging of these genes with molecular markers and pyramiding these genes or QTLs through molecular marker-aided selection for developing more durable resistant varieties.

Strategies for Control of Fungal Diseases with Transgenic Plants

Newly developed technologies in plant breeding such as restriction fragment length polymorphism techniques and gene transfer methods can be used to develop fungus-resistant cultivars of crops, and possibilities to exploit genes encoding inhibitors of fungal enzymes to obtain resistance are being investigated.