Blaming the Victim and Exonerating the Perpetrator in Cases of Rape and Robbery: Is There a Double Standard?

@article{Bieneck2011BlamingTV,
  title={Blaming the Victim and Exonerating the Perpetrator in Cases of Rape and Robbery: Is There a Double Standard?},
  author={Steffen Bieneck and B. Krah{\'e}},
  journal={Journal of Interpersonal Violence},
  year={2011},
  volume={26},
  pages={1785 - 1797}
}
Research in legal decision making has demonstrated the tendency to blame the victim and exonerate the perpetrator of sexual assault. This study examined the hypothesis of a special leniency bias in rape cases by comparing them to cases of robbery. N = 288 participants received descriptions of rape and robbery of a female victim by a male perpetrator and made ratings of victim and perpetrator blame. Case scenarios varied with respect to the prior relationship (strangers, acquaintances, ex… Expand
Biases in Blaming Victims of Rape and Other Crime
Objective: This study examines general biases and gender biases in blaming victims of rape and other crimes. General biases operate for any type of victimization and can bias attributions of blameExpand
Blame attributions in sexual crimes: Effects of belief in a just world and victim behavior
Previous research has consistently shown that rape victims may be blamed for the assault but little is known about victim blaming in other sexual crimes. In the present experiment, we examined blameExpand
Attributions of victim blame in stranger and acquaintance rape: A quantitative study
TLDR
Findings suggest that victim blame correlates primarily with aggressively sexist attitudes and that nurses generally attribute more blame to the victim of acquaintance rape. Expand
Theories of Victim Blame
Sexual assault is a serious, traumatic incident that is all too common on college campuses. Following the ordeal, those who are assaulted are often blamed. Victim blame occurs when the victim, ratherExpand
Theories of Victim Blame
Sexual assault is a serious, traumatic incident that is all too common on college campuses. Following the ordeal, those who are assaulted are often blamed. Victim blame occurs when the victim, ratherExpand
The Selective Use of Rape-Victim Stereotypes to Protect Culturally Similar Perpetrators
Powerful stereotypes exist about how female rape victims should act. For example, victims are expected to physically resist their attacker and immediately report their assault. In reality, someExpand
Mock Juror Perceptions of Rape Victims
TLDR
A significant mediation effect of LHS on victim blame through the indirect effect of RMA was found, which is predicted from life history theory, and Implications of these findings are discussed. Expand
Assessing the Impact of Media on Blaming the Victim of Acquaintance Rape
Along with the trauma experienced by rape victims due to their assault, many victims also suffer secondary victimization due to the negative reactions of those around them. Among these negativeExpand
The Influence of Gender Ideology, Victim Resistance, and Spiking a Drink on Acquaintance Rape Attributions
TLDR
While men tended to attribute more blame to the victim than women, gender ideology emerged as a stronger predictor of rape attributions, and some types of sexist beliefs were associated with greater victim blaming and others with less victim blaming. Expand
Bounded Blame: The Effects of Victim–Perpetrator Relationship and Victimization History on Judgments of Sexual Violence
TLDR
How the present research can advance the understanding of sexual violence by using a bounded rationality framework is discussed and the practical implications that the observed effects have for professionals in the legal system, outside observers, and victims themselves are discussed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Blame of victim and perpetrator in rape versus theft.
TLDR
Variables that may affect attribution of responsibility and blame were explored to assess whether societal stereotypes about rape victims still exist among students in Alaska and whether attitudes toward women affected the attribution of blame. Expand
Schema-driven information processing in judgements about rape
Two studies addressed the impact of rape schemata on judgements about rape cases. In Study 1, 286 undergraduate students rated perpetrator and victim blame for five rape scenarios and completed theExpand
Evaluating Stranger and Acquaintance Rape: The Role of Benevolent Sexism in Perpetrator Blame and Recommended Sentence Length
TLDR
Two studies investigating the role of benevolent sexism (BS) in accounting for participants' responses to acquaintance vs. stranger rape perpetrators found that participants who scored high in BS attributed less blame and recommended shorter sentences for the acquaintance rape perpetrator. Expand
The Effects of Defendant and Complainant Intoxication on Mock Jurors' Judgments of Sexual Assault
The present study investigates the impact of participant gender, rape-myth beliefs, and alcohol intoxication on the part of either the defendant and/or alleged victim on mock jurors' decisions withinExpand
Causal and Moral Responsibility of Victims of Rape and Robbery
Four experimental studies of attribution in a criminal situation used a 24 ANOVA design with three common independent variables, namely, type of crime, time of crime, and victim's prior experience ofExpand
Beyond Belief?
This article reviews issues concerning perceptions of women’s credibility in the context of police responses to sexual assault complainants. It is based on both quantitative and qualitative dataExpand
Complainant Sexual History Evidence: Its Impact on Mock Jurors' Decisions
The current study examined the impact of complainant sexual history evidence on mock jurors' judgements in a sexual assault trial. One hundred and sixty-nine undergraduates listened to an audiotapeExpand
Sexual Assault and the Justice Gap: A Question of Attitude
This book is set against the background of the 'justice gap' in sexual assault cases - the dramatic gap between the number of offences recorded by the police and the number of convictions. It seeksExpand
Does the Criminal Justice System Treat Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Offenders Leniently?
We examine whether men who physically assault their female partners or who commit sexual assault receive more lenient treatment than offenders who commit other types of assaults. Analyses of theExpand
Characteristics associated with rape attrition and the role played by scepticism or legal rationality by investigators and prosecutors
Abstract This paper reports a multidimensional scaling analysis of features associated with rape attrition by identifying key aspects of the rape that are associated with loss of cases at the stagesExpand
...
1
2
3
...