Bladesmithing at South Dakota School of Mines and Technology

@article{Moehring2016BladesmithingAS,
  title={Bladesmithing at South Dakota School of Mines and Technology},
  author={John T. Moehring and M. Willman and Isaac Pulscher and D. Rowe},
  journal={JOM},
  year={2016},
  volume={68},
  pages={3186-3192}
}
A Damascus-style layered blade was made by incorporating bloomery iron and crucible steel. A bloomery furnace was constructed and charged with Black Hills, SD bog iron ore, alloys, and hardwood charcoal. At sufficient temperature, the furnace was bottom-tapped to produce a low carbon iron bloom. A high-carbon crucible steel was made in a natural gas-fired furnace using commercial hematite pellets and coke. The steel was cast into sand molds. The two types of iron/steel were forged together… 

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