Blackshirts for the twenty-first century? Fascism and the English Defence League

@article{Alessio2014BlackshirtsFT,
  title={Blackshirts for the twenty-first century? Fascism and the English Defence League},
  author={Dominic Alessio and Kristen Meredith},
  journal={Social Identities},
  year={2014},
  volume={20},
  pages={104 - 118}
}
This paper examines the extent to which the English Defence League (EDL) may be considered fascist in form and ideology. First, it draws comparisons between the EDL and the squadristi of interwar Italy. Second, it explores how the EDL has negotiated a new political direction as it joins forces with the British Freedom Party (BFP). By adopting a theoretical framework of fascism as outlined by Roger Griffin, this work advocates that the EDL has transformed its single-issue anti-Islamist platform… 
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........................................................................................................................ iv Acknowledgements
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