Black students' school success: Coping with the “burden of ‘acting white’”

@article{Fordham1986BlackSS,
  title={Black students' school success: Coping with the “burden of ‘acting white’”},
  author={S. Fordham and J. Ogbu},
  journal={The Urban Review},
  year={1986},
  volume={18},
  pages={176-206}
}
The authors review their previous explanation of black students' underachievement. They now suggest the importance of considering black people's expressive responses to their historical status and experience in America. “Fictive kinship” is proposed as a framework for understanding how a sense of collective identity enters into the process of schooling and affects academic achievement. The authors support their argument with ethnographic data from a high school in Washington, D.C., showing how… Expand
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