# Black hole in three-dimensional spacetime.

@article{Baados1992BlackHI, title={Black hole in three-dimensional spacetime.}, author={Ba{\~n}ados and Teitel'boim and Zanelli}, journal={Physical review letters}, year={1992}, volume={69 13}, pages={ 1849-1851 } }

The standard Einstein-Maxwell equations in 2+1 spacetime dimensions, with a negative cosmological constant, admit a black hole solution. The 2+1 black hole---characterized by mass, angular momentum, and charge, defined by flux integrals at infinity---is quite similar to its 3+1 counterpart. Anti--de Sitter space appears as a negative energy state separated by a mass gap from the continuous black hole spectrum. Evaluation of the partition function yields that the entropy is equal to twice the…

## 2,182 Citations

### 2 + 1‐dimensional black holes with momentum and angular momentum

- PhysicsAnnalen der Physik
- 2000

Exact solutions of Einstein's equations in 2 + 1‐dimensional anti‐de Sitter space containing any number of black holes are described. In addition to the black holes these spacetimes can possess…

### Black hole creation in 2 + 1 dimensions

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- 1999

When two point particles, coupled to three-dimensional gravity with a negative cosmological constant, approach each other with a sufficiently large centre-of-mass energy, then a BTZ black hole is…

### 2 + 1 black hole with a dynamical conical singularity

- Physics
- 1996

We find black hole solutions to Euclidean 2 + 1 gravity coupled to a relativistic particle which have a dynamical conical singularity at the horizon. These solutions mimic the tree level contribution…

### Scale-dependent three-dimensional charged black holes in linear and non-linear electrodynamics

- Physics
- 2017

In the present work we study the scale dependence at the level of the effective action of charged black holes in Einstein–Maxwell as well as in Einstein–power-Maxwell theories in…

### The (2 + 1)-dimensional black hole

- Physics
- 1995

I review the classical and quantum properties of the (2 + 1)-dimensional black hole of Banados, Teitelboim and Zanelli. This solution of the Einstein field equations in three spacetime dimensions…

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