# Black hole explosions?

@article{Hawking1974BlackHE, title={Black hole explosions?}, author={Stephen William Hawking}, journal={Nature}, year={1974}, volume={248}, pages={30-31} }

QUANTUM gravitational effects are usually ignored in calculations of the formation and evolution of black holes. The justification for this is that the radius of curvature of space-time outside the event horizon is very large compared to the Planck length (Għ/c3)1/2 ≈ 10−33 cm, the length scale on which quantum fluctuations of the metric are expected to be of order unity. This means that the energy density of particles created by the gravitational field is small compared to the space-time…

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