Black fly (Diptera:Simuliidae) salivary secretions: importance in vector competence and disease.

@article{Cupp1997BlackF,
  title={Black fly (Diptera:Simuliidae) salivary secretions: importance in vector competence and disease.},
  author={Eddie W Cupp and Mary S. Cupp},
  journal={Journal of medical entomology},
  year={1997},
  volume={34 2},
  pages={87-94}
}
When blood-feeding, black flies introduce secretions into the feeding lesion that act in a coordinated manner on the 3 arms of the vertebrate hemostatic system (platelet aggregation, coagulation, and vasoconstriction). Apyrase activity inhibits platelet aggregation and is ubiquitous in the saliva of black flies, although activity per gland varies by species and has a positive association with anthropophagy. Anticoagulants target components in the final common pathway of the coagulation cascade… CONTINUE READING